Cross-national estimates of the effects of family background on student achievement: A sensitivity analysis

Yuko Nonoyama-Tarumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article uses the data from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2000 to examine whether the influence of family background on educational achievement is sensitive to different measures of the family's socio-economic status (SES). The study finds that, when a multidimensional measure of SES is used, the family background has a stronger influence on achievement across countries than if the simpler measure of SES is used. The new measure, which incorporated aspects of parental occupation, education and cultural resources, was not biased towards more wealthy nations, Western nations, or urban population. However, when a proxy of wealth was included in the measure of SES, this reduced the other measured effects of family background on achievement in many countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-82
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Review of Education
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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