Cross Section Measurements of 27 Al(n, α)24Na and 56Fe(n, p)56Reactions for Neutron Energies between 14.0 and 19.9 MeV

Katsuhisa Kudo, Tamiyoshi Kinoshita, Naoto Kobayashi, Akira Fukuda, Yoshio Hino, Yasushi Kawada, Taichi Michikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Cross sections of the 27Al(n,α)24Na and 56Fe(n,p)56Mn reactions were measured precisely by foil activation in the energy range of 14.0~ 19.9 MeV. For the lower energies of 14.0~ 14.8 MeV, the neutron fluence rate was determined by associated α-particle counting, while the proton-recoil telescope was used for the higher energies of 15.2 ~ 19.9 MeV, Correction was applied to account for the additional radioactivity brought by d + D neutrons from deuteron implantation in tritium target. The 24Na and 56Mn activities generated by the reactions of interest were determined using 4πβ-γ coincidence counter. In respect of the 27Al(n,α)24Na reaction, the present results agree well with the latest evaluations of Asami and Vonach and with Ryves’ measurements, except in the higher energy regions, and in respect of the 56Fe(n,p)56Mn cross section, with Ryves’ measurements. On the other hand, the ENDF/B-V evaluations deviate appreciably from the present results in respect of both reactions, and this applies also to the JENDL-2 evaluations in respect of the 56Fe(n,p)56Mn cross section.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)684-692
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nuclear Science and Technology
Volume24
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Neutrons
neutrons
cross sections
Radioactivity
Tritium
Telescopes
Metal foil
evaluation
Protons
Chemical activation
recoil protons
energy
tritium
radioactivity
deuterons
foils
implantation
counting
fluence
counters

Keywords

  • 4πβ-γ coincidence method
  • Al(n,α)Na reaction
  • He proportional counter
  • Fe(n,p) Mn reaction
  • associated a particle counting method
  • ENDF/B-V
  • foil activation method
  • JENDL-2
  • proton-recoil telescope counter
  • reaction cross section
  • T(d,n)He reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this

Cross Section Measurements of 27 Al(n, α)24Na and 56Fe(n, p)56Reactions for Neutron Energies between 14.0 and 19.9 MeV. / Kudo, Katsuhisa; Kinoshita, Tamiyoshi; Kobayashi, Naoto; Fukuda, Akira; Hino, Yoshio; Kawada, Yasushi; Michikawa, Taichi.

In: Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, Vol. 24, No. 9, 1987, p. 684-692.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kudo, Katsuhisa ; Kinoshita, Tamiyoshi ; Kobayashi, Naoto ; Fukuda, Akira ; Hino, Yoshio ; Kawada, Yasushi ; Michikawa, Taichi. / Cross Section Measurements of 27 Al(n, α)24Na and 56Fe(n, p)56Reactions for Neutron Energies between 14.0 and 19.9 MeV. In: Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology. 1987 ; Vol. 24, No. 9. pp. 684-692.
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abstract = "Cross sections of the 27Al(n,α)24Na and 56Fe(n,p)56Mn reactions were measured precisely by foil activation in the energy range of 14.0~ 19.9 MeV. For the lower energies of 14.0~ 14.8 MeV, the neutron fluence rate was determined by associated α-particle counting, while the proton-recoil telescope was used for the higher energies of 15.2 ~ 19.9 MeV, Correction was applied to account for the additional radioactivity brought by d + D neutrons from deuteron implantation in tritium target. The 24Na and 56Mn activities generated by the reactions of interest were determined using 4πβ-γ coincidence counter. In respect of the 27Al(n,α)24Na reaction, the present results agree well with the latest evaluations of Asami and Vonach and with Ryves’ measurements, except in the higher energy regions, and in respect of the 56Fe(n,p)56Mn cross section, with Ryves’ measurements. On the other hand, the ENDF/B-V evaluations deviate appreciably from the present results in respect of both reactions, and this applies also to the JENDL-2 evaluations in respect of the 56Fe(n,p)56Mn cross section.",
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T1 - Cross Section Measurements of 27 Al(n, α)24Na and 56Fe(n, p)56Reactions for Neutron Energies between 14.0 and 19.9 MeV

AU - Kudo, Katsuhisa

AU - Kinoshita, Tamiyoshi

AU - Kobayashi, Naoto

AU - Fukuda, Akira

AU - Hino, Yoshio

AU - Kawada, Yasushi

AU - Michikawa, Taichi

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N2 - Cross sections of the 27Al(n,α)24Na and 56Fe(n,p)56Mn reactions were measured precisely by foil activation in the energy range of 14.0~ 19.9 MeV. For the lower energies of 14.0~ 14.8 MeV, the neutron fluence rate was determined by associated α-particle counting, while the proton-recoil telescope was used for the higher energies of 15.2 ~ 19.9 MeV, Correction was applied to account for the additional radioactivity brought by d + D neutrons from deuteron implantation in tritium target. The 24Na and 56Mn activities generated by the reactions of interest were determined using 4πβ-γ coincidence counter. In respect of the 27Al(n,α)24Na reaction, the present results agree well with the latest evaluations of Asami and Vonach and with Ryves’ measurements, except in the higher energy regions, and in respect of the 56Fe(n,p)56Mn cross section, with Ryves’ measurements. On the other hand, the ENDF/B-V evaluations deviate appreciably from the present results in respect of both reactions, and this applies also to the JENDL-2 evaluations in respect of the 56Fe(n,p)56Mn cross section.

AB - Cross sections of the 27Al(n,α)24Na and 56Fe(n,p)56Mn reactions were measured precisely by foil activation in the energy range of 14.0~ 19.9 MeV. For the lower energies of 14.0~ 14.8 MeV, the neutron fluence rate was determined by associated α-particle counting, while the proton-recoil telescope was used for the higher energies of 15.2 ~ 19.9 MeV, Correction was applied to account for the additional radioactivity brought by d + D neutrons from deuteron implantation in tritium target. The 24Na and 56Mn activities generated by the reactions of interest were determined using 4πβ-γ coincidence counter. In respect of the 27Al(n,α)24Na reaction, the present results agree well with the latest evaluations of Asami and Vonach and with Ryves’ measurements, except in the higher energy regions, and in respect of the 56Fe(n,p)56Mn cross section, with Ryves’ measurements. On the other hand, the ENDF/B-V evaluations deviate appreciably from the present results in respect of both reactions, and this applies also to the JENDL-2 evaluations in respect of the 56Fe(n,p)56Mn cross section.

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