Cultural differences in hydration practices among physically active individuals: a narrative review

Clarence Hong Wei Leow, Beverly Tan, Masashi Miyashita, Jason Kai Wei Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

It is well-established that appropriate hydration practices are essential in promoting health and optimizing performance and recovery. However, evidence-based hydration guidelines may not be adopted due to cultural differences across countries, such as religious beliefs, traditions, preferences, and beverage availability. Examples of hydration practices influenced by culture include beer consumption after sports in Western countries, consumption of sugarcane juice in India and Ramadan fasting among Muslims. For most cultural hydration practices, there is limited scientific evidence on their effects on rehydration, exercise performance, and recovery. Despite possible benefits of various hydration practices on exercise performance and recovery, they are inconsistent with current evidence-based hydration recommendations. More research on the impacts of cultural hydration differences on physiology, performance, and recovery is warranted to allow evidence-based guidelines and advisories. Abbreviations: ABV: alcohol by volume, ACSM: American College of Sports Medicine, NATA: National Athletic Trainers’ Association, ROS: reactive oxygen species, TCM: Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-163
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Culture
  • exercise performance
  • exercise recovery
  • hydration status
  • sports nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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