Dopamine receptors in mammals are known to consist of two D1-like receptors (D1 and D5) and three D2-like receptors (D2, D3 and D4). The aim of this study was to determine the dopamine receptor subtype that mediates the inhibitory action of dopamine on the release of prolactin (PRL) from the amphibian pituitary. Distal lobes of the bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) were perifused and the amount of PRL released in the effluent medium was measured by means of a homologous enzyme-immunoassay. TRH stimulated the release of PRL from perifused pituitaries. Dopamine suppressed TRH-induced elevation of PRL release. Quinpirole (a D2 receptor agonist) also suppressed the stimulatory effect of TRH on the release of PRL, whereas SKF-38393 (a D1 receptor agonist) exhibited no such an effect. The inhibitory action of dopamine on TRH-induced PRL release from the pituitary was nullified by the addition of L-741,626 (a selective D2 receptor antagonist) to the medium, but not by the addition of SCH-23390 (a selective D1 receptor antagonist). These data indicate that the inhibitory effect of dopamine on TRH-evoked PRL release from the bullfrog pituitary gland is mediated through D2 dopamine receptors.
- D2 receptor
- Thyrotropin-releasing hormone
ASJC Scopus subject areas