We theoretically show that a temporally oscillating spin-driven electromotive force or voltage with a large DC component can be generated by exciting microwave-active spin-wave modes of a skyrmion crystal confined in a quasi-two-dimensional magnet under a tilted magnetic field. The DC component and the AC amplitude of the oscillating electric voltage is significantly enhanced when the microwave frequency is tuned to an eigenfrequency of the peculiar spin-wave modes of the skyrmion crystal called "rotation modes" and the "breathing mode," whereas the sign of the DC component depends on the microwave polarization and on the spin-wave mode. These results provide an efficient means to convert microwaves to a DC electric voltage by using skyrmion-hosting magnets and to switch the sign of the voltage via tuning the microwave frequency, which are important capabilities for spintronic devices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics