Demonstration of organotropic effects of chemopreventive agents in multiorgan carcinogenesis models.

H. Tsuda, Y. Iwahori, M. Asamoto, H. Baba-Toriyama, T. Hori, D. J. Kim, N. Uehara, M. Iigo, N. Takasuka, M. Murakoshi, H. Nishino, T. Kakizoe, E. Araki, Kazunaga Yazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Organotropic chemopreventive effects of three (pro)vitamins and three unsaturated fatty acids were examined using mouse and rat multiorgan carcinogenesis models. For the study of (pro)vitamins, male and female B6C3F1 mice were treated with N,N-diethylnitrosamine (DEN) and N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) during the first 11 weeks, then from weeks 12 to 32 they received alpha-carotene (0.4 mg/mouse), beta-carotene (0.4 mg/mouse) or alpha-tocopherol (40 mg/mouse) three times a week by gavage; control mice received vehicle alone. In male mice, alpha-carotene significantly reduced liver weights, representing a reduced tumour mass (P < 0.001), and alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and alpha-tocopherol significantly reduced the numbers of liver tumours (adenomas and carcinomas combined) (P < 0.001-0.01) as compared with control mice, the effects being greatest with alpha-carotene. In female mice, alpha-carotene significantly decreased the number of liver tumours (P < 0.001). In the lung, alpha-carotene and alpha-tocopherol reduced the area of lesions (hyperplasias and adenomas combined) only in males (P < 0.05). For the study of unsaturated fatty acids, F344 male rats were treated with DEN, MNU, N-butyl-N-hydroxybutylnitrosamine (BBN), 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) and N,N-bis(2-hydroxy)propylnitrosamine during the first 5 weeks, then from weeks 6 to 36 they were given docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6), eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5) or linoleic acid (C18:2) at 1.0 g/rat, three times a week by gavage; control rats were treated with oleic acid (C18:1) using the same protocol. All animals were fed a low linoleic acid and calorie-adjusted basal diet during fatty acid administration. Docosahexaenoic acid and linoleic acid reduced tumours in the large and small intestines, respectively. However, they did not influence the yield of preneoplastic liver, lung, kidney, forestomach and urinary bladder lesions. The data thus provide evidence for organotropic effects of carotenoids and unsaturated fatty acids on carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-150
Number of pages8
JournalIARC scientific publications
Issue number139
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Carcinogenesis
alpha-Tocopherol
Linoleic Acid
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Methylnitrosourea
Diethylnitrosamine
Docosahexaenoic Acids
Liver
beta Carotene
Vitamins
Adenoma
Neoplasms
1,2-Dimethylhydrazine
Lung
Eicosapentaenoic Acid
Large Intestine
Inbred F344 Rats
Carotenoids
Oleic Acid
Small Intestine

Cite this

Tsuda, H., Iwahori, Y., Asamoto, M., Baba-Toriyama, H., Hori, T., Kim, D. J., ... Yazawa, K. (1996). Demonstration of organotropic effects of chemopreventive agents in multiorgan carcinogenesis models. IARC scientific publications, (139), 143-150.

Demonstration of organotropic effects of chemopreventive agents in multiorgan carcinogenesis models. / Tsuda, H.; Iwahori, Y.; Asamoto, M.; Baba-Toriyama, H.; Hori, T.; Kim, D. J.; Uehara, N.; Iigo, M.; Takasuka, N.; Murakoshi, M.; Nishino, H.; Kakizoe, T.; Araki, E.; Yazawa, Kazunaga.

In: IARC scientific publications, No. 139, 1996, p. 143-150.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsuda, H, Iwahori, Y, Asamoto, M, Baba-Toriyama, H, Hori, T, Kim, DJ, Uehara, N, Iigo, M, Takasuka, N, Murakoshi, M, Nishino, H, Kakizoe, T, Araki, E & Yazawa, K 1996, 'Demonstration of organotropic effects of chemopreventive agents in multiorgan carcinogenesis models.', IARC scientific publications, no. 139, pp. 143-150.
Tsuda H, Iwahori Y, Asamoto M, Baba-Toriyama H, Hori T, Kim DJ et al. Demonstration of organotropic effects of chemopreventive agents in multiorgan carcinogenesis models. IARC scientific publications. 1996;(139):143-150.
Tsuda, H. ; Iwahori, Y. ; Asamoto, M. ; Baba-Toriyama, H. ; Hori, T. ; Kim, D. J. ; Uehara, N. ; Iigo, M. ; Takasuka, N. ; Murakoshi, M. ; Nishino, H. ; Kakizoe, T. ; Araki, E. ; Yazawa, Kazunaga. / Demonstration of organotropic effects of chemopreventive agents in multiorgan carcinogenesis models. In: IARC scientific publications. 1996 ; No. 139. pp. 143-150.
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abstract = "Organotropic chemopreventive effects of three (pro)vitamins and three unsaturated fatty acids were examined using mouse and rat multiorgan carcinogenesis models. For the study of (pro)vitamins, male and female B6C3F1 mice were treated with N,N-diethylnitrosamine (DEN) and N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) during the first 11 weeks, then from weeks 12 to 32 they received alpha-carotene (0.4 mg/mouse), beta-carotene (0.4 mg/mouse) or alpha-tocopherol (40 mg/mouse) three times a week by gavage; control mice received vehicle alone. In male mice, alpha-carotene significantly reduced liver weights, representing a reduced tumour mass (P < 0.001), and alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and alpha-tocopherol significantly reduced the numbers of liver tumours (adenomas and carcinomas combined) (P < 0.001-0.01) as compared with control mice, the effects being greatest with alpha-carotene. In female mice, alpha-carotene significantly decreased the number of liver tumours (P < 0.001). In the lung, alpha-carotene and alpha-tocopherol reduced the area of lesions (hyperplasias and adenomas combined) only in males (P < 0.05). For the study of unsaturated fatty acids, F344 male rats were treated with DEN, MNU, N-butyl-N-hydroxybutylnitrosamine (BBN), 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) and N,N-bis(2-hydroxy)propylnitrosamine during the first 5 weeks, then from weeks 6 to 36 they were given docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6), eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5) or linoleic acid (C18:2) at 1.0 g/rat, three times a week by gavage; control rats were treated with oleic acid (C18:1) using the same protocol. All animals were fed a low linoleic acid and calorie-adjusted basal diet during fatty acid administration. Docosahexaenoic acid and linoleic acid reduced tumours in the large and small intestines, respectively. However, they did not influence the yield of preneoplastic liver, lung, kidney, forestomach and urinary bladder lesions. The data thus provide evidence for organotropic effects of carotenoids and unsaturated fatty acids on carcinogenesis.",
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AU - Hori, T.

AU - Kim, D. J.

AU - Uehara, N.

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N2 - Organotropic chemopreventive effects of three (pro)vitamins and three unsaturated fatty acids were examined using mouse and rat multiorgan carcinogenesis models. For the study of (pro)vitamins, male and female B6C3F1 mice were treated with N,N-diethylnitrosamine (DEN) and N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) during the first 11 weeks, then from weeks 12 to 32 they received alpha-carotene (0.4 mg/mouse), beta-carotene (0.4 mg/mouse) or alpha-tocopherol (40 mg/mouse) three times a week by gavage; control mice received vehicle alone. In male mice, alpha-carotene significantly reduced liver weights, representing a reduced tumour mass (P < 0.001), and alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and alpha-tocopherol significantly reduced the numbers of liver tumours (adenomas and carcinomas combined) (P < 0.001-0.01) as compared with control mice, the effects being greatest with alpha-carotene. In female mice, alpha-carotene significantly decreased the number of liver tumours (P < 0.001). In the lung, alpha-carotene and alpha-tocopherol reduced the area of lesions (hyperplasias and adenomas combined) only in males (P < 0.05). For the study of unsaturated fatty acids, F344 male rats were treated with DEN, MNU, N-butyl-N-hydroxybutylnitrosamine (BBN), 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) and N,N-bis(2-hydroxy)propylnitrosamine during the first 5 weeks, then from weeks 6 to 36 they were given docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6), eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5) or linoleic acid (C18:2) at 1.0 g/rat, three times a week by gavage; control rats were treated with oleic acid (C18:1) using the same protocol. All animals were fed a low linoleic acid and calorie-adjusted basal diet during fatty acid administration. Docosahexaenoic acid and linoleic acid reduced tumours in the large and small intestines, respectively. However, they did not influence the yield of preneoplastic liver, lung, kidney, forestomach and urinary bladder lesions. The data thus provide evidence for organotropic effects of carotenoids and unsaturated fatty acids on carcinogenesis.

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