Denser and taller carbon nanotube arrays on Cu foils useable as thermal interface materials

Nuri Na, Kei Hasegawa, Xiaosong Zhou, Mizuhisa Nihei, Suguru Noda*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To achieve denser and taller carbon nanotube (CNT) arrays on Cu foils, catalyst and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) conditions were carefully engineered. CNTs were grown to ∼50μm using Fe/TiN/Ta catalysts in which Ta and TiN acted as diffusion barriers for Cu and Ta, respectively. A tradeoff was found between the mass density and height of the CNTarrays, and CNTarrays with a mass density of 0.30 g cm-3 and height of 45μm were achieved under optimized conditions. Thermal interface materials (TIMs) with CNT array/Cu foil/CNT array structures showed decreasing thermal resistance from 86 to 24mm2KW-1 with increasing CNT array mass densities from 0.07-0.08 to 0.19-0.26 g cm-3 for Cu and Al blocks with surfaces as rough as 20-30 μm. The best CNT/Cu/CNT TIMs showed thermal resistance values comparable to that of a typical indium sheet TIM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number095102
JournalJapanese journal of applied physics
Volume54
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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