Density perturbations in generalized Einstein scenarios and constraints on nonminimal couplings from the cosmic microwave background

Shinji Tsujikawa, Burin Gumjudpai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study cosmological perturbations in generalized Einstein scenarios and show the equivalence of inflationary observables both in the Jordan frame and the Einstein frame. In particular the consistency relation relating the tensor-to-scalar ratio with the spectral index of tensor perturbations coincides with the one in Einstein gravity, which leads to the same likelihood results in terms of inflationary observables. We apply this formalism to nonminimally coupled chaotic inflationary scenarios with the potential [Formula Presented] and place constraints on the strength of the nonminimal couplings using a compilation of the latest observational data. In the case of the quadratic potential [Formula Presented] the nonminimal coupling is constrained to be [Formula Presented] for negative [Formula Presented] from the [Formula Presented] observational contour bound. Although the quartic potential [Formula Presented] is under strong observational pressure for [Formula Presented] this property is relaxed by taking into account negative nonminimal couplings. We find that inflationary observables are within the [Formula Presented] contour bound as long as [Formula Presented] We also show that the [Formula Presented] cases are disfavored even in the presence of nonminimal couplings.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume69
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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