Design of a conduction-cooled 9.4 T REBCO magnet for whole-body MRI systems

Hiroshi Miyazaki, Sadanori Iwai, Yasumi Otani, Masahiko Takahashi, Taizo Tosaka, Kenji Tasaki, Shunji Nomura, Tsutomu Kurusu, Hiroshi Ueda, So Noguchi, Atsushi Ishiyama, Shinichi Urayama, Hidenao Fukuyama

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    14 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A project on the development of REBa2Cu3O7-δ (REBCO) magnets for ultra-high-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was started in 2013. Since REBCO-coated conductors feature high mechanical strength under tensile stress and high critical current density, use of REBCO coils would allow superconducting magnets to be made smaller and lighter than conventional ones. In addition, a conduction-cooled superconducting magnet is simpler to use than one cooled by a liquid helium bath because the operation and maintenance of the cryogenic system become simpler, without the need to handle cryogenic fluid. Superconducting magnets for MRI require homogeneous, stable magnetic fields. The homogeneity of the magnetic field is highly dependent on the coil shape and position. Moreover, in REBCO magnets, the screening-current-induced magnetic field, which changes the magnetic field distribution of the magnet, is one of the critical issues. In order to evaluate the magnetic field homogeneity and the screening-current-induced magnetic field, a 1 T model magnet and some test coils were fabricated. From an evaluation of the 1 T model magnet, it was found that the main reason for magnetic field inhomogeneity was the tolerances in the z-axis positions of the coils, and therefore, it is important to control the gap between the single pancakes. In addition, we have already demonstrated the generation of an 8.27 T central magnetic field at 10 K with a small test coil. The screening-current-induced magnetic field was 0.43 T and was predictable by using an electromagnetic field simulation program. These results were reflected in the design of a conduction-cooled 9.4 T REBCO magnet for whole-body MRI systems. The magnet was composed of six main coils and two active shield coils. The total conductor length was 581 km, and the stored energy was 293 kJ. The field inhomogeneity was 24 ppm peak to peak and 3 ppm volume-root-mean-square (VRMS) for a 500 mm diameter spherical volume (DSV). The axial and radial 5 gauss line locations were less than 5 m and 4.2 m respectively.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number104001
    JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
    Volume29
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 12

    Keywords

    • conduction-cooled
    • REBCO
    • ultra-high-field MRI

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ceramics and Composites
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Metals and Alloys
    • Materials Chemistry
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Miyazaki, H., Iwai, S., Otani, Y., Takahashi, M., Tosaka, T., Tasaki, K., Nomura, S., Kurusu, T., Ueda, H., Noguchi, S., Ishiyama, A., Urayama, S., & Fukuyama, H. (2016). Design of a conduction-cooled 9.4 T REBCO magnet for whole-body MRI systems. Superconductor Science and Technology, 29(10), [104001]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/29/10/104001