Design optimization of a low specific speed centrifugal pump with an unshrouded impeller for cryogenic liquid flow

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Rocket engines require centrifugal pu mps used in its propellant feeding system to be smaller and lighter to increase the final speed of payloads, and be produced with lo wer costs. Reducing the number of stages and removing shroud rotating wall make pu mps lighter and easier to manufacture. Therefore, these pumps should be designed with higher head to reduce the number o f stages and have an unshrouded impeller. In this study, various shapes of shrouded and unshrouded impellers with the same meridional plane, that have various blade angle distributions, and splitter b lade shapes, have been analysed by a co mputational flu id dynamics(CFD) approach. Based on this survey, the impeller blade shape which demonstrates the highest head and efficiency has been designed considering the internal flow of the pump. As a result, it was observed that unshrouded impellers had the loss generation structure due to tip leakage flow wh ich was different fro m shrouded impellers had. Based on the above, a design method considering the tip leakage flow of unshrouded impeller was suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Article number032046
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume240
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 28
Event29th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems, IAHR 2018 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 2018 Sep 162018 Sep 21

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pump
liquid
leakage
design method
engine
cost
speed
loss
distribution
propellant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

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title = "Design optimization of a low specific speed centrifugal pump with an unshrouded impeller for cryogenic liquid flow",
abstract = "Rocket engines require centrifugal pu mps used in its propellant feeding system to be smaller and lighter to increase the final speed of payloads, and be produced with lo wer costs. Reducing the number of stages and removing shroud rotating wall make pu mps lighter and easier to manufacture. Therefore, these pumps should be designed with higher head to reduce the number o f stages and have an unshrouded impeller. In this study, various shapes of shrouded and unshrouded impellers with the same meridional plane, that have various blade angle distributions, and splitter b lade shapes, have been analysed by a co mputational flu id dynamics(CFD) approach. Based on this survey, the impeller blade shape which demonstrates the highest head and efficiency has been designed considering the internal flow of the pump. As a result, it was observed that unshrouded impellers had the loss generation structure due to tip leakage flow wh ich was different fro m shrouded impellers had. Based on the above, a design method considering the tip leakage flow of unshrouded impeller was suggested.",
author = "T. Hayashi and Yohei Nakamura and Kazuyoshi Miyagawa",
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AU - Hayashi, T.

AU - Nakamura, Yohei

AU - Miyagawa, Kazuyoshi

PY - 2019/3/28

Y1 - 2019/3/28

N2 - Rocket engines require centrifugal pu mps used in its propellant feeding system to be smaller and lighter to increase the final speed of payloads, and be produced with lo wer costs. Reducing the number of stages and removing shroud rotating wall make pu mps lighter and easier to manufacture. Therefore, these pumps should be designed with higher head to reduce the number o f stages and have an unshrouded impeller. In this study, various shapes of shrouded and unshrouded impellers with the same meridional plane, that have various blade angle distributions, and splitter b lade shapes, have been analysed by a co mputational flu id dynamics(CFD) approach. Based on this survey, the impeller blade shape which demonstrates the highest head and efficiency has been designed considering the internal flow of the pump. As a result, it was observed that unshrouded impellers had the loss generation structure due to tip leakage flow wh ich was different fro m shrouded impellers had. Based on the above, a design method considering the tip leakage flow of unshrouded impeller was suggested.

AB - Rocket engines require centrifugal pu mps used in its propellant feeding system to be smaller and lighter to increase the final speed of payloads, and be produced with lo wer costs. Reducing the number of stages and removing shroud rotating wall make pu mps lighter and easier to manufacture. Therefore, these pumps should be designed with higher head to reduce the number o f stages and have an unshrouded impeller. In this study, various shapes of shrouded and unshrouded impellers with the same meridional plane, that have various blade angle distributions, and splitter b lade shapes, have been analysed by a co mputational flu id dynamics(CFD) approach. Based on this survey, the impeller blade shape which demonstrates the highest head and efficiency has been designed considering the internal flow of the pump. As a result, it was observed that unshrouded impellers had the loss generation structure due to tip leakage flow wh ich was different fro m shrouded impellers had. Based on the above, a design method considering the tip leakage flow of unshrouded impeller was suggested.

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