Detection of multi-TeV gamma rays from Markarian 501 during an unforeseen flaring state in 1997 with the Tibet air shower array

M. Amenomori, S. Ayabe, P. Y. Cao, Danzengluobu, L. K. Ding, Z. Y. Feng, Y. Fu, H. W. Guo, M. He, K. Hibino, N. Hotta, Q. Huang, A. X. Huo, K. Izu, H. Y. Jia, F. Kajino, K. Kasahara, Y. Katayose, Labaciren, J. Y. LiH. Lu, S. L. Lu, G. X. Luo, X. R. Meng, K. Mizutani, J. Mu, H. Nanjo, M. Nishizawa, M. Ohnishi, I. Ohta, T. Ouchi, J. R. Ren, T. Saito, M. Sakata, T. Sasaki, Z. Z. Shi, M. Shibata, A. Shiomi, T. Shirai, H. Sugimoto, K. Taira, Y. H. Tan, N. Tateyama, Shoji Torii, T. Utsugi, C. R. Wang, H. Wang, X. W. Xu, Y. Yamamoto, G. C. Yu, A. F. Yuan, T. Yuda, C. S. Zhang, H. M. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, N. J. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Zhaxisangzhu, Zhaxiciren, W. D. Zhou

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Abstract

In 1997, the BL Lac object Mrk 501 entered a very active phase and was the brightest source in the sky at TeV energies, showing strong and frequent flaring. Using the data obtained with a high-density air shower array that has been operating successfully at Yangbajing in Tibet since 1996, we searched for γ-ray signals from this source during the period in 1997 from February through August. Our observation detected multi-TeV γ-ray signals at the 3.7 σ level during this period. The most rapid increase in the excess counts was observed between April 7 and June 16, and the statistical significance of the excess counts in this period was 4.7 σ. Among several observations of flaring TeV γ-rays from Mrk 501 in 1997, this is the only observation using a conventional air shower array. We present the energy spectrum of γ-rays, which will be worth comparing with those obtained by imaging atmospheric Cerenkov telescopes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-307
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume532
Issue number1 PART 1
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Mar 20
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • BL Lacertae objects: individual (Markarian 501)
  • Gamma rays: observations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Amenomori, M., Ayabe, S., Cao, P. Y., Danzengluobu, Ding, L. K., Feng, Z. Y., Fu, Y., Guo, H. W., He, M., Hibino, K., Hotta, N., Huang, Q., Huo, A. X., Izu, K., Jia, H. Y., Kajino, F., Kasahara, K., Katayose, Y., Labaciren, ... Zhou, W. D. (2000). Detection of multi-TeV gamma rays from Markarian 501 during an unforeseen flaring state in 1997 with the Tibet air shower array. Astrophysical Journal, 532(1 PART 1), 302-307.