Determination of copper nanoparticle size distributions with total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy

Andy Singh, Katharina Luening, Sean Brennan, Takayuki Homma, Nobuhiro Kubo, Stanisław H. Nowak, Piero Pianetta

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF) analysis is extensively used by the semiconductor industry for measuring trace metal contamination on silicon surfaces. In addition to determining the quantity of impurities on a surface, TXRF can reveal information about the vertical distribution of contaminants by measuring the fluorescence signal as a function of the angle of incidence. In this study, two samples were intentionally contaminated with copper in non-deoxygenated and deoxygenated ultrapure water (UPW) resulting in impurity profiles that were either atomically dispersed in a thin film or particle-like, respectively. The concentration profile of the samples immersed into deoxygenated UPW was calculated using a theoretical concentration profile representative of particles, yielding a mean particle height of 16.1 nm. However, the resulting theoretical profile suggested that a distribution of particle heights exists on the surface. The fit of the angular distribution data was further refined by minimizing the residual error of a least-squares fit employing a model with a Gaussian distribution of particle heights about the mean height. The presence of a height distribution was also confirmed with atomic force microscopy measurements.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)283-287
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Synchrotron Radiation
    Volume24
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

    Fingerprint

    Fluorescence
    Impurities
    Nanoparticles
    Copper
    copper
    fluorescence
    nanoparticles
    spectroscopy
    X rays
    profiles
    x rays
    Angular distribution
    Gaussian distribution
    Water
    Atomic force microscopy
    Contamination
    impurities
    vertical distribution
    Semiconductor materials
    Thin films

    Keywords

    • Cu nanoparticle
    • grazing-incidence X-ray fluorescence
    • silicon wafer surface
    • total reflection X-ray fluorescence

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Radiation
    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
    • Instrumentation

    Cite this

    Determination of copper nanoparticle size distributions with total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. / Singh, Andy; Luening, Katharina; Brennan, Sean; Homma, Takayuki; Kubo, Nobuhiro; Nowak, Stanisław H.; Pianetta, Piero.

    In: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 283-287.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Singh, Andy ; Luening, Katharina ; Brennan, Sean ; Homma, Takayuki ; Kubo, Nobuhiro ; Nowak, Stanisław H. ; Pianetta, Piero. / Determination of copper nanoparticle size distributions with total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. In: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation. 2017 ; Vol. 24, No. 1. pp. 283-287.
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