Determination of the adequate capital for default protection under the one-factor Gaussian term structure model

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In practice, credit risk is measured by one of the two different methodologies. One measures the prices and sensitivities of the credit linked instruments. Another measures the required collateral or capital needed to cover a potential default loss. This paper introduces a pricing methodology, which also determines the required capital. Conventionally the value-at-risk method is used to determine collateral requirements. Artzner et al. demonstrated that the resulting adequate capital measures may fail to capture the credit diversification effect, which is critical in credit risk management. (cf. Artzner, P., Delbaen, F., Eber, J.-M., Heath, D. 1997. Definition of coherent measures of risk. Paper presented at the Symposium on Risk Management, European Finance Association, Vienna, August 27-30). In order to overcome this problem, this paper introduces a new approach, which combines closed form solutions and the Hull-White trinomial tree. This combined approach is computationally faster than a naively implemented Monte-Carlo-based VAR methodology. The pricing model is based on the rating-based Gaussian term structure model developed by Nakazato. This approach is applicable to a wide variety of credit derivatives and their portfolios in a coherent fashion. In this paper, however, attention is concentrated on determining the collateral requirement for the counter party risk when there is the risk of credit rating change on an issue and also risk of default on that issue or on any protection already written on the issue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-352
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Banking and Finance
Volume24
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Factors
Term structure models
Methodology
Credit
Trinomial tree
Credit risk
Rating
Credit risk management
Coherent measures of risk
Credit rating
Closed-form solution
Value at risk
Symposium
Risk management
Diversification
Credit derivatives
Pricing
Finance

Keywords

  • Capital adequacy
  • Credit
  • E43
  • G21
  • G33
  • Risk-management
  • Term-structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Finance

Cite this

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abstract = "In practice, credit risk is measured by one of the two different methodologies. One measures the prices and sensitivities of the credit linked instruments. Another measures the required collateral or capital needed to cover a potential default loss. This paper introduces a pricing methodology, which also determines the required capital. Conventionally the value-at-risk method is used to determine collateral requirements. Artzner et al. demonstrated that the resulting adequate capital measures may fail to capture the credit diversification effect, which is critical in credit risk management. (cf. Artzner, P., Delbaen, F., Eber, J.-M., Heath, D. 1997. Definition of coherent measures of risk. Paper presented at the Symposium on Risk Management, European Finance Association, Vienna, August 27-30). In order to overcome this problem, this paper introduces a new approach, which combines closed form solutions and the Hull-White trinomial tree. This combined approach is computationally faster than a naively implemented Monte-Carlo-based VAR methodology. The pricing model is based on the rating-based Gaussian term structure model developed by Nakazato. This approach is applicable to a wide variety of credit derivatives and their portfolios in a coherent fashion. In this paper, however, attention is concentrated on determining the collateral requirement for the counter party risk when there is the risk of credit rating change on an issue and also risk of default on that issue or on any protection already written on the issue.",
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