Determination of the b quark mass at the Z mass scale

G. Abbiendi, C. Ainsley, P. F. Åkesson, G. Alexander, J. Allison, G. Anagnostou, K. J. Anderson, S. Arcelli, S. Asai, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, I. Bailey, A. H. Ball, E. Barberio, R. J. Barlow, R. J. Batley, T. Behnke, K. W. Bell, G. Bella, A. BelleriveS. Bethke, O. Biebel, I. J. Bloodworth, O. Boeriu, P. Bock, J. Böhme, D. Bonacorsi, M. Boutemeur, S. Braibant, L. Brigliadori, R. M. Brown, H. J. Burckhart, J. Cammin, R. K. Carnegie, B. Caron, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, P. E.L. Clarke, E. Clay, I. Cohen, J. Couchman, A. Csilling, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, G. M. Dallavalle, S. Dallison, A. de Roeck, E. A. de Wolf, P. Dervan, K. Desch, B. Dienes, M. S. Dixit, M. Donkers, J. Dubbert, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, E. Etzion, F. Fabbri, L. Feld, P. Ferrari, F. Fiedler, I. Fleck, M. Ford, A. Frey, A. Fürtjes, D. I. Futyan, P. Gagnon, J. W. Gary, G. Gaycken, C. Geich-Gimbel, G. Giacomelli, P. Giacomelli, D. Glenzinski, J. Goldberg, C. Grandi, K. Graham, E. Gross, J. Grunhaus, M. Gruwé, P. O. Günther, A. Gupta, C. Hajdu, G. G. Hanson, K. Harder, A. Harel, M. Harin-Dirac, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, R. Hawkings, R. J. Hemingway, C. Hensel, G. Herten, R. D. Heuer, J. C. Hill, K. Hoffman, R. J. Homer, D. Horváth, K. R. Hossain, R. Howard, P. Hüntemeyer, P. Igo-Kemenes, K. Ishii, A. Jawahery, H. Jeremie, C. R. Jones, P. Jovanovic, T. R. Junk, N. Kanaya, J. Kanzaki, G. Karapetian, D. Karlen, V. Kartvelishvili, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, D. H. Kim, K. Klein, A. Klier, S. Kluth, T. Kobayashi, M. Kobel, T. P. Kokott, S. Komamiya, R. V. Kowalewski, T. Krämer, T. Kress, P. Krieger, J. von Krogh, D. Krop, T. Kuhl, M. Kupper, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, H. Landsman, D. Lanske, I. Lawson, J. G. Layter, A. Leins, D. Lellouch, J. Letts, L. Levinson, R. Liebisch, J. Lillich, C. Littlewood, A. W. Lloyd, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, G. D. Long, M. J. Losty, J. Lu, J. Ludwig, A. Macchiolo, A. Macpherson, W. Mader, S. Marcellini, T. E. Marchant, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, G. Martinez, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, W. J. McDonald, J. McKenna, T. J. McMahon, R. A. McPherson, F. Meijers, P. Mendez-Lorenzo, W. Menges, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, A. Michelini, S. Mihara, G. Mikenberg, D. J. Miller, S. Moed, W. Mohr, A. Montanari, T. Mori, K. Nagai, I. Nakamura, H. A. Neal, R. Nisius, S. W. O'Neale, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, A. Oh, A. Okpara, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, C. Pahl, G. Pásztor, J. R. Pater, G. N. Patrick, J. E. Pilcher, J. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, B. Poli, J. Polok, O. Pooth, A. Quadt, K. Rabbertz, C. Rembser, P. Renkel, H. Rick, N. Rodning, J. M. Roney, S. Rosati, K. Roscoe, Y. Rozen, K. Runge, D. R. Rust, K. Sachs, T. Saeki, O. Sahr, E. K.G. Sarkisyan, C. Sbarra, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, P. Scharff-Hansen, M. Schröder, M. Schumacher, C. Schwick, W. G. Scott, R. Seuster, T. G. Shears, B. C. Shen, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous, P. Sherwood, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, G. A. Snow, R. Sobie, S. Söldner-Rembold, S. Spagnolo, F. Spano, M. Sproston, A. Stahl, K. Stephens, D. Strom, R. Ströhmer, L. Stumpf, B. Surrow, S. D. Talbot, S. Tarem, M. Tasevsky, R. J. Taylor, R. Teuscher, J. Thomas, M. A. Thomson, E. Torrence, D. Toya, T. Trefzger, I. Trigger, Z. Trócsányi, E. Tsur, M. F. Turner-Watson, I. Ueda, B. Ujvári, B. Vachon, C. F. Vollmer, P. Vannerem, M. Verzocchi, H. Voss, J. Vossebeld, D. Waller, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, P. S. Wells, T. Wengler, N. Wermes, D. Wetterling, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, T. R. Wyatt, S. Yamashita, V. Zacek, D. Zer-Zion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In hadronic decays of Z bosons recorded with the OPAL detector at LEP, events containing b quarks were selected using the long lifetime of b flavoured hadrons. Comparing the 3-jet rate in b events with that in d,u,s and c quark events, a significant difference was observed. Using script O sign(α2S) calculations for massive quarks, this difference was used to determine the b quark mass in the MS renormalisation scheme at the scale of the Z boson mass. By combining the results from seven different jet finders the running b quark mass was determined to be m̄b(mz) = (2.67 ± 0.03(stat.)+0.29-0.37(syst.)±0.19(theo.)) GeV. Evolving this value to the b quark mass scale itself yields m̄b(m̄b) = (3.95+0.52-0.6) GeV, consistent with results obtained at the b quark production threshold. This determination confirms the QCD expectation of a scale dependent quark mass. A constant mass is ruled out by 3.9 standard deviations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-422
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jul
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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    Abbiendi, G., Ainsley, C., Åkesson, P. F., Alexander, G., Allison, J., Anagnostou, G., Anderson, K. J., Arcelli, S., Asai, S., Axen, D., Azuelos, G., Bailey, I., Ball, A. H., Barberio, E., Barlow, R. J., Batley, R. J., Behnke, T., Bell, K. W., Bella, G., ... Zer-Zion, D. (2001). Determination of the b quark mass at the Z mass scale. European Physical Journal C, 21(3), 411-422. https://doi.org/10.1007/s100520100746