Determination of the effectiveness of accelerometer use in the promotion of physical activity in cardiac patients: A randomized controlled trial

Kazuhiro P. Izawa, Satoshi Watanabe, Koji Hiraki, Yuji Morio, Yusuke Kasahara, Naoya Takeichi, Koichiro Oka, Naohiko Osada, Kazuto Omiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effect of the self-monitoring of physical activity by hospitalized cardiac patients attending phase I cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: University hospital CR program. Participants: CR patients (N=126) with a mean age of 59.1 years. Interventions: Patients were randomly assigned to the self-monitoring group (group A, n=63) or the control group (group B, n=63). Along with CR, group A patients performed self-monitoring of their physical activity at the beginning of a phase I CR program (acute in-hospital phase for inpatients) and ending just before they began a phase II CR program (postdischarge recovery phase for outpatients). Main Outcome Measures: Physical activity (averages of daily number of steps taken and daily energy expenditure for 1wk) as measured by accelerometer was assessed in both groups at baseline (t1) and before the beginning of phase II CR (t2). Results: Although there were no significant differences in physical activity values between groups A and B at t1, values of group A at t2 were significantly higher than those of group B (8609.6 vs 5512.9 steps, P<.001; 242.6 vs 155.9kcal, P<.001). Conclusions: Self-monitoring of patient physical activity from phase I CR might effectively increase the physical activity level in preparation for entering a phase II CR program. Results of the present study could contribute to the development of new strategies for the promotion of physical activity in cardiac patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1896-1902
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume93
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov

Fingerprint

Randomized Controlled Trials
Exercise
Cardiac Rehabilitation
Physiologic Monitoring
Energy Metabolism
Inpatients
Outpatients
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Physical activity
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Determination of the effectiveness of accelerometer use in the promotion of physical activity in cardiac patients : A randomized controlled trial. / Izawa, Kazuhiro P.; Watanabe, Satoshi; Hiraki, Koji; Morio, Yuji; Kasahara, Yusuke; Takeichi, Naoya; Oka, Koichiro; Osada, Naohiko; Omiya, Kazuto.

In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 93, No. 11, 11.2012, p. 1896-1902.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Izawa, Kazuhiro P. ; Watanabe, Satoshi ; Hiraki, Koji ; Morio, Yuji ; Kasahara, Yusuke ; Takeichi, Naoya ; Oka, Koichiro ; Osada, Naohiko ; Omiya, Kazuto. / Determination of the effectiveness of accelerometer use in the promotion of physical activity in cardiac patients : A randomized controlled trial. In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2012 ; Vol. 93, No. 11. pp. 1896-1902.
@article{677b3c8613f54343a362c6e5eabfd51e,
title = "Determination of the effectiveness of accelerometer use in the promotion of physical activity in cardiac patients: A randomized controlled trial",
abstract = "Objective: To investigate the effect of the self-monitoring of physical activity by hospitalized cardiac patients attending phase I cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: University hospital CR program. Participants: CR patients (N=126) with a mean age of 59.1 years. Interventions: Patients were randomly assigned to the self-monitoring group (group A, n=63) or the control group (group B, n=63). Along with CR, group A patients performed self-monitoring of their physical activity at the beginning of a phase I CR program (acute in-hospital phase for inpatients) and ending just before they began a phase II CR program (postdischarge recovery phase for outpatients). Main Outcome Measures: Physical activity (averages of daily number of steps taken and daily energy expenditure for 1wk) as measured by accelerometer was assessed in both groups at baseline (t1) and before the beginning of phase II CR (t2). Results: Although there were no significant differences in physical activity values between groups A and B at t1, values of group A at t2 were significantly higher than those of group B (8609.6 vs 5512.9 steps, P<.001; 242.6 vs 155.9kcal, P<.001). Conclusions: Self-monitoring of patient physical activity from phase I CR might effectively increase the physical activity level in preparation for entering a phase II CR program. Results of the present study could contribute to the development of new strategies for the promotion of physical activity in cardiac patients.",
keywords = "Exercise, Physical activity, Rehabilitation",
author = "Izawa, {Kazuhiro P.} and Satoshi Watanabe and Koji Hiraki and Yuji Morio and Yusuke Kasahara and Naoya Takeichi and Koichiro Oka and Naohiko Osada and Kazuto Omiya",
year = "2012",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.apmr.2012.06.015",
language = "English",
volume = "93",
pages = "1896--1902",
journal = "Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation",
issn = "0003-9993",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Determination of the effectiveness of accelerometer use in the promotion of physical activity in cardiac patients

T2 - A randomized controlled trial

AU - Izawa, Kazuhiro P.

AU - Watanabe, Satoshi

AU - Hiraki, Koji

AU - Morio, Yuji

AU - Kasahara, Yusuke

AU - Takeichi, Naoya

AU - Oka, Koichiro

AU - Osada, Naohiko

AU - Omiya, Kazuto

PY - 2012/11

Y1 - 2012/11

N2 - Objective: To investigate the effect of the self-monitoring of physical activity by hospitalized cardiac patients attending phase I cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: University hospital CR program. Participants: CR patients (N=126) with a mean age of 59.1 years. Interventions: Patients were randomly assigned to the self-monitoring group (group A, n=63) or the control group (group B, n=63). Along with CR, group A patients performed self-monitoring of their physical activity at the beginning of a phase I CR program (acute in-hospital phase for inpatients) and ending just before they began a phase II CR program (postdischarge recovery phase for outpatients). Main Outcome Measures: Physical activity (averages of daily number of steps taken and daily energy expenditure for 1wk) as measured by accelerometer was assessed in both groups at baseline (t1) and before the beginning of phase II CR (t2). Results: Although there were no significant differences in physical activity values between groups A and B at t1, values of group A at t2 were significantly higher than those of group B (8609.6 vs 5512.9 steps, P<.001; 242.6 vs 155.9kcal, P<.001). Conclusions: Self-monitoring of patient physical activity from phase I CR might effectively increase the physical activity level in preparation for entering a phase II CR program. Results of the present study could contribute to the development of new strategies for the promotion of physical activity in cardiac patients.

AB - Objective: To investigate the effect of the self-monitoring of physical activity by hospitalized cardiac patients attending phase I cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: University hospital CR program. Participants: CR patients (N=126) with a mean age of 59.1 years. Interventions: Patients were randomly assigned to the self-monitoring group (group A, n=63) or the control group (group B, n=63). Along with CR, group A patients performed self-monitoring of their physical activity at the beginning of a phase I CR program (acute in-hospital phase for inpatients) and ending just before they began a phase II CR program (postdischarge recovery phase for outpatients). Main Outcome Measures: Physical activity (averages of daily number of steps taken and daily energy expenditure for 1wk) as measured by accelerometer was assessed in both groups at baseline (t1) and before the beginning of phase II CR (t2). Results: Although there were no significant differences in physical activity values between groups A and B at t1, values of group A at t2 were significantly higher than those of group B (8609.6 vs 5512.9 steps, P<.001; 242.6 vs 155.9kcal, P<.001). Conclusions: Self-monitoring of patient physical activity from phase I CR might effectively increase the physical activity level in preparation for entering a phase II CR program. Results of the present study could contribute to the development of new strategies for the promotion of physical activity in cardiac patients.

KW - Exercise

KW - Physical activity

KW - Rehabilitation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84867884271&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84867884271&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.apmr.2012.06.015

DO - 10.1016/j.apmr.2012.06.015

M3 - Article

C2 - 22750166

AN - SCOPUS:84867884271

VL - 93

SP - 1896

EP - 1902

JO - Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

JF - Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

SN - 0003-9993

IS - 11

ER -