Development of a comic mark based expressive robotic head adapted to Japanese cultural background

T. Kishi, H. Futaki, G. Trovato, N. Endo, M. Destephe, S. Cosentino, K. Hashimoto, A. Takanishi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes the development of a robotic head that has cartoon facial expression ability with comic marks. For communicating with humans, robots should have expressive facial expression ability for indicating their inner state. Our previous research suggests that robots can express its emotion clearly if it performs facial expressions that are adapted to the cultural background of the communication partner. As a first step, we focus on making expressions for Japanese people. Comic mark is a unique and famous way of emotion expression in Japanese culture. First, we defined facial expressions by combining cartoon-like shape of the facial parts with high emotion recognition rates. Then we asked cartoonists to draw comic marks which they think are effective for emotion expression and find the effective comic marks as 'Cross popping veins' for 'Anger', 'Tear mark' for 'Sadness' and 'Vertical lines' for 'Fear'. Finally we obtained a model expression which has sufficiently high emotion recognition rate from the combination of the facial expression and the comic marks. In order to achieve these expressions, we developed flexible full color LED display matrix module and mechanism that push and pull the sheet for expressing black lines. Results of experimental evaluation shows that the new robotic head has over 90% average emotion recognition rates for each of the six basic emotions. The results with non-Japanese subjects suggests that impression of emotion expression on robotic head changes depending on the cultural background. These findings encourage us in pursuing this concept of designing robots that display emotions that are adapted to cultural background of communication partner.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIROS 2014 Conference Digest - IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2608-2613
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781479969340
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 31
Event2014 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2014 - Chicago, United States
Duration: 2014 Sep 142014 Sep 18

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
ISSN (Print)2153-0858
ISSN (Electronic)2153-0866

Conference

Conference2014 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2014
CountryUnited States
CityChicago
Period14/9/1414/9/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Science Applications

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    Kishi, T., Futaki, H., Trovato, G., Endo, N., Destephe, M., Cosentino, S., Hashimoto, K., & Takanishi, A. (2014). Development of a comic mark based expressive robotic head adapted to Japanese cultural background. In IROS 2014 Conference Digest - IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (pp. 2608-2613). [6942918] (IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/IROS.2014.6942918