Objective: Intra-operative probes have recently become important instruments in nuclear medicine. In such an application, the radiopharmaceutical F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is promising. For the FDG-guided surgery, we developed and tested a positron-imaging detector with background rejection capability. Methods: The detector consists of an array of phoswich scintillators, a multichannel position-sensitive photo-multiplier tube (PSPMT) and an electronic circuit. The scintillators and the PSPMT are encased in a tungsten shield and replaceable collimators are mounted on the top of the detector. Positrons are detected by the plastic scintillators while annihilation photons are detected by the BGOs. By employing a pulse-shape analysis, we can distinguish the true events (positrons) from background gamma events. The dimensions of each plastic scintillator are 2 mm x 2 mm x 3 mm and those of the BGO are 2 mm x 2 mm x 15 mm. These scintillators are optically coupled to each other and combined in an 8 x 8 array, which is optically coupled to a 1-inch square 8 x 8 multi-channel PSPMT via optical fibers. Position determination of the positrons is performed by 64-channel threshold circuits while the pulse shape analysis is applied for the summing signal. Results: The spatial resolution was measured by positioning an F-18 point source onto one pixel of the detector and found than the spillover to the neighbor pixel was less than 20%. The background count rate was less than 2 cps for a 20-cm diameter, 20-cm long cylinder phantom containing 3.7 MBq of F-18. Conclusion: These results indicated that the developed positron-imaging detector will be useful for FDG-guided surgery.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Annals of Nuclear Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
- Back ground rejection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging