Development of a process for the recovery of phosphorus resource from digested sludge by crystallization technology

Kazuaki Shimamura, Hideyuki Ishikawa, Asei Mizuoka, Izumi Hirasawa

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Removal and recovery of phosphorus from sewage in form of MAP (magnesium ammonium phosphate) have attracted attention from the viewpoint of eutrophication prevention and phosphorus resource recovery as well as scaling prevention inside digestion tanks. In this work, phosphorus recovery demonstration tests were conducted in a 50 m3/d facility having a complete mixing type reactor and a liquid cyclone. Digested sludge, having 690 mg/L T-P and 268 mg/L PO4-P, was used as test material. The T-P and PO4-P of treated sludge were 464 mg/L and 20 mg/L achieving a T-P recovery efficiency of 33% and a PO4-P crystallization ratio of 93%. The reacted phosphorus did not become fine crystals and the recovered MAP particles were found to be valuable as a fertilizer. A case study in applying this phosphorus recovery process for treatment of sludge from an anaerobic-aerobic process of a 21,000m3/d sewage system, showed that 30% of phosphorus concentration can be reduced in the final effluent, recovering 315kg/d as MAP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-456
Number of pages6
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 31



  • Crystallization
  • Digested sludge
  • Liquid cyclone
  • MAP
  • Phosphorus recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

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