Development of calorie restriction mimetics as therapeutics for obesity, diabetes, inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases

Takuya Chiba, Tomoshi Tsuchiya, Toshimitsu Komatsu, Ryoichi Mori, Hiroko Hayashi, Isao Shimokawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Calorie restriction (CR) is the most robust intervention that decreases morbidity and mortality, and thereby increases the lifespan of many organisms. Although the signaling pathways involved in the beneficial effects of CR are not yet fully understood. Several candidate pathways and key molecules have been identified. The effects of CR are highly conserved from lower organisms such as yeast to higher mammals such as rodents and monkeys. Recent studies have also demonstrated beneficial effects of CR in humans, although we need much longer studies to evaluate whether CR also increases the lifespan of humans. In reality, it is difficult for us to conduct CR interventions in humans because the subjects must be kept in a state of hunger and the duration of this state needed to achieve a clinically meaningful effect is still unknown. Thus, research in this field is focusing on the development of molecules that mimic the beneficial effects of CR without reducing food intake. Some of these candidate molecules include plant-derived functional chemicals (phytochemicals), synthetic small molecules, and endocrine molecules such as adipokines. Several studies have already shown that this research field may yield novel drugs for the treatment of age-related diseases such as diabetes. In this article, we describe the target pathways, candidate molecules, and strategies to develop CR mimetics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-567
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Genomics
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Neurodegenerative Diseases
Obesity
Phytochemicals
Adipokines
Hunger
Research
Haplorhini
Mammals
Rodentia
Therapeutics
Eating
Yeasts
Morbidity
Mortality
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Biosensing
  • Calorie restriction
  • Cancer
  • Drug discovery
  • Metabolism
  • Neurodegeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Development of calorie restriction mimetics as therapeutics for obesity, diabetes, inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. / Chiba, Takuya; Tsuchiya, Tomoshi; Komatsu, Toshimitsu; Mori, Ryoichi; Hayashi, Hiroko; Shimokawa, Isao.

In: Current Genomics, Vol. 11, No. 8, 2010, p. 562-567.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chiba, Takuya ; Tsuchiya, Tomoshi ; Komatsu, Toshimitsu ; Mori, Ryoichi ; Hayashi, Hiroko ; Shimokawa, Isao. / Development of calorie restriction mimetics as therapeutics for obesity, diabetes, inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. In: Current Genomics. 2010 ; Vol. 11, No. 8. pp. 562-567.
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