Development of face robot to express the facial features

Kazuko Itoh, Hiroyasu Miwa, Yuko Nukariya, Kazutaka Imanishi, Daiju Takeda, Minoru Saito, Kouki Hayashi, Michihiko Shoji, Atsuo Takanishi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    There are personal equations in the facial features of a silhouette, position and shape of each part; eyes, eyebrows, nose, mouth and ears. Humans recognize individuality from facial features, and they express their mental states by facial expressions. Researchers have developed a robot that has a personality based on its experience dynamically and a robot that expresses emotion. We consider that a robot can communicate with a human more naturally when it not only expresses its emotion with the face but also has facial features. However, robots that express facial features by changing feature-points have not been developed. Therefore, we developed a face robot that expresses its facial features. We propose both the mechanical model and the optical model to express the feature-points more clearly. We introduced the push-pull method with piano wires as the mechanical model and a projection method with a projector as the optical model. In the mechanical model, the face is covered with a mesh of piano wires and radio control type servo motors are used as actuators to control the facial feature-points. We change the shape of the face by pushing and pulling feature-points on the mesh with actuators. In the optical model, we project the images of several persons on the mechanical model. In this paper, we describe the mechanical model and the optical model of the face robot.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings - IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication
    Pages347-352
    Number of pages6
    Publication statusPublished - 2004
    EventRO-MAN 2004 - 13th IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication - Okayama
    Duration: 2004 Sep 202004 Sep 22

    Other

    OtherRO-MAN 2004 - 13th IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication
    CityOkayama
    Period04/9/2004/9/22

    Fingerprint

    Robots
    Actuators
    Wire

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Engineering(all)

    Cite this

    Itoh, K., Miwa, H., Nukariya, Y., Imanishi, K., Takeda, D., Saito, M., ... Takanishi, A. (2004). Development of face robot to express the facial features. In Proceedings - IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (pp. 347-352)

    Development of face robot to express the facial features. / Itoh, Kazuko; Miwa, Hiroyasu; Nukariya, Yuko; Imanishi, Kazutaka; Takeda, Daiju; Saito, Minoru; Hayashi, Kouki; Shoji, Michihiko; Takanishi, Atsuo.

    Proceedings - IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication. 2004. p. 347-352.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Itoh, K, Miwa, H, Nukariya, Y, Imanishi, K, Takeda, D, Saito, M, Hayashi, K, Shoji, M & Takanishi, A 2004, Development of face robot to express the facial features. in Proceedings - IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication. pp. 347-352, RO-MAN 2004 - 13th IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, Okayama, 04/9/20.
    Itoh K, Miwa H, Nukariya Y, Imanishi K, Takeda D, Saito M et al. Development of face robot to express the facial features. In Proceedings - IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication. 2004. p. 347-352
    Itoh, Kazuko ; Miwa, Hiroyasu ; Nukariya, Yuko ; Imanishi, Kazutaka ; Takeda, Daiju ; Saito, Minoru ; Hayashi, Kouki ; Shoji, Michihiko ; Takanishi, Atsuo. / Development of face robot to express the facial features. Proceedings - IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication. 2004. pp. 347-352
    @inproceedings{d64642c70b0b41e09e5c68fb9e2c2117,
    title = "Development of face robot to express the facial features",
    abstract = "There are personal equations in the facial features of a silhouette, position and shape of each part; eyes, eyebrows, nose, mouth and ears. Humans recognize individuality from facial features, and they express their mental states by facial expressions. Researchers have developed a robot that has a personality based on its experience dynamically and a robot that expresses emotion. We consider that a robot can communicate with a human more naturally when it not only expresses its emotion with the face but also has facial features. However, robots that express facial features by changing feature-points have not been developed. Therefore, we developed a face robot that expresses its facial features. We propose both the mechanical model and the optical model to express the feature-points more clearly. We introduced the push-pull method with piano wires as the mechanical model and a projection method with a projector as the optical model. In the mechanical model, the face is covered with a mesh of piano wires and radio control type servo motors are used as actuators to control the facial feature-points. We change the shape of the face by pushing and pulling feature-points on the mesh with actuators. In the optical model, we project the images of several persons on the mechanical model. In this paper, we describe the mechanical model and the optical model of the face robot.",
    author = "Kazuko Itoh and Hiroyasu Miwa and Yuko Nukariya and Kazutaka Imanishi and Daiju Takeda and Minoru Saito and Kouki Hayashi and Michihiko Shoji and Atsuo Takanishi",
    year = "2004",
    language = "English",
    pages = "347--352",
    booktitle = "Proceedings - IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication",

    }

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Development of face robot to express the facial features

    AU - Itoh, Kazuko

    AU - Miwa, Hiroyasu

    AU - Nukariya, Yuko

    AU - Imanishi, Kazutaka

    AU - Takeda, Daiju

    AU - Saito, Minoru

    AU - Hayashi, Kouki

    AU - Shoji, Michihiko

    AU - Takanishi, Atsuo

    PY - 2004

    Y1 - 2004

    N2 - There are personal equations in the facial features of a silhouette, position and shape of each part; eyes, eyebrows, nose, mouth and ears. Humans recognize individuality from facial features, and they express their mental states by facial expressions. Researchers have developed a robot that has a personality based on its experience dynamically and a robot that expresses emotion. We consider that a robot can communicate with a human more naturally when it not only expresses its emotion with the face but also has facial features. However, robots that express facial features by changing feature-points have not been developed. Therefore, we developed a face robot that expresses its facial features. We propose both the mechanical model and the optical model to express the feature-points more clearly. We introduced the push-pull method with piano wires as the mechanical model and a projection method with a projector as the optical model. In the mechanical model, the face is covered with a mesh of piano wires and radio control type servo motors are used as actuators to control the facial feature-points. We change the shape of the face by pushing and pulling feature-points on the mesh with actuators. In the optical model, we project the images of several persons on the mechanical model. In this paper, we describe the mechanical model and the optical model of the face robot.

    AB - There are personal equations in the facial features of a silhouette, position and shape of each part; eyes, eyebrows, nose, mouth and ears. Humans recognize individuality from facial features, and they express their mental states by facial expressions. Researchers have developed a robot that has a personality based on its experience dynamically and a robot that expresses emotion. We consider that a robot can communicate with a human more naturally when it not only expresses its emotion with the face but also has facial features. However, robots that express facial features by changing feature-points have not been developed. Therefore, we developed a face robot that expresses its facial features. We propose both the mechanical model and the optical model to express the feature-points more clearly. We introduced the push-pull method with piano wires as the mechanical model and a projection method with a projector as the optical model. In the mechanical model, the face is covered with a mesh of piano wires and radio control type servo motors are used as actuators to control the facial feature-points. We change the shape of the face by pushing and pulling feature-points on the mesh with actuators. In the optical model, we project the images of several persons on the mechanical model. In this paper, we describe the mechanical model and the optical model of the face robot.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=20444441895&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=20444441895&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    M3 - Conference contribution

    SP - 347

    EP - 352

    BT - Proceedings - IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication

    ER -