Development of geothermal reservoir simulator for predicting three-dimensional water-steam flow behavior considering non-equilibrium state and kazemi/MINC double porosity system

Sumire Fujii, Yuki Ishigami, Masanori Kurihara

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Although the reservoir simulation is widely utilized to predict geothermal reservoir performances, the results of the simulation are sometimes different from those actually observed in field operations due to non-equilibrium conditions. For example, the recharge water sometimes reaches producing wells much earlier than predicted by reservoir simulation. Therefore, in this research, we attempted to develop a numerical simulator that can deal with the non-equilibrium vaporization of water and condensation of steam for predicting geothermal reservoir performances more accurately. First, we developed a three-dimensional simulator that can predict the flow behavior of geothermal fluids in a non-equilibrium state. Conventional geothermal simulators solve the only material balance equation for all the water molecules regardless of the phase condition. On the other hand, in the simulator developed in this research, water molecules in the liquid phase are distinguished from those in vapor phase, and the two material balance equations are derived for water and steam separately. These equations have the terms to express the molecular transportation from steam to water and vice versa. Non-equilibrium vaporization and condensation of water molecules are expressed by adjusting the kinetic rate of transportation of water molecules across phases. Next, we expanded the functions of the above simulator, incorporating two types of double porosity models, Kazemi and MINC, to reproduce the fluid flow preferentially through fractures and faults. After verifying the simulator functions, we investigated how the speed of the transportation of water molecules across phases affected the geothermal reservoir performances, especially those with recharging water. Case studies revealed that the non-equilibrium condition hastened the movement of the water injected as recharge water through fractures, which resulted in the water breakthrough earlier than predicted by conventional (equilibrium type) simulators.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationGeothermal's Role in Today's Energy Market - Geothermal Resources Council 2018 Annual Meeting, GRC 2018
    PublisherGeothermal Resources Council
    Pages1762-1798
    Number of pages37
    Volume42
    ISBN (Electronic)0934412235
    Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
    EventGeothermal Resources Council 2018 Annual Meeting: Geothermal's Role in Today's Energy Market, GRC 2018 - Reno, United States
    Duration: 2018 Oct 142018 Oct 17

    Other

    OtherGeothermal Resources Council 2018 Annual Meeting: Geothermal's Role in Today's Energy Market, GRC 2018
    CountryUnited States
    CityReno
    Period18/10/1418/10/17

    Fingerprint

    steam flow
    simulators
    simulator
    Steam
    Porosity
    Simulators
    porosity
    water
    Water
    Molecules
    steam
    material balance
    nonequilibrium conditions
    vaporization
    molecules
    Vaporization
    condensation
    Condensation
    recharge
    recharging

    Keywords

    • Artificial recharge
    • Double porosity
    • Geothermal simulator
    • Kinetic non-equilibrium phase change
    • MINC model

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
    • Geophysics

    Cite this

    Fujii, S., Ishigami, Y., & Kurihara, M. (2018). Development of geothermal reservoir simulator for predicting three-dimensional water-steam flow behavior considering non-equilibrium state and kazemi/MINC double porosity system. In Geothermal's Role in Today's Energy Market - Geothermal Resources Council 2018 Annual Meeting, GRC 2018 (Vol. 42, pp. 1762-1798). Geothermal Resources Council.

    Development of geothermal reservoir simulator for predicting three-dimensional water-steam flow behavior considering non-equilibrium state and kazemi/MINC double porosity system. / Fujii, Sumire; Ishigami, Yuki; Kurihara, Masanori.

    Geothermal's Role in Today's Energy Market - Geothermal Resources Council 2018 Annual Meeting, GRC 2018. Vol. 42 Geothermal Resources Council, 2018. p. 1762-1798.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Fujii, S, Ishigami, Y & Kurihara, M 2018, Development of geothermal reservoir simulator for predicting three-dimensional water-steam flow behavior considering non-equilibrium state and kazemi/MINC double porosity system. in Geothermal's Role in Today's Energy Market - Geothermal Resources Council 2018 Annual Meeting, GRC 2018. vol. 42, Geothermal Resources Council, pp. 1762-1798, Geothermal Resources Council 2018 Annual Meeting: Geothermal's Role in Today's Energy Market, GRC 2018, Reno, United States, 18/10/14.
    Fujii S, Ishigami Y, Kurihara M. Development of geothermal reservoir simulator for predicting three-dimensional water-steam flow behavior considering non-equilibrium state and kazemi/MINC double porosity system. In Geothermal's Role in Today's Energy Market - Geothermal Resources Council 2018 Annual Meeting, GRC 2018. Vol. 42. Geothermal Resources Council. 2018. p. 1762-1798
    Fujii, Sumire ; Ishigami, Yuki ; Kurihara, Masanori. / Development of geothermal reservoir simulator for predicting three-dimensional water-steam flow behavior considering non-equilibrium state and kazemi/MINC double porosity system. Geothermal's Role in Today's Energy Market - Geothermal Resources Council 2018 Annual Meeting, GRC 2018. Vol. 42 Geothermal Resources Council, 2018. pp. 1762-1798
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    abstract = "Although the reservoir simulation is widely utilized to predict geothermal reservoir performances, the results of the simulation are sometimes different from those actually observed in field operations due to non-equilibrium conditions. For example, the recharge water sometimes reaches producing wells much earlier than predicted by reservoir simulation. Therefore, in this research, we attempted to develop a numerical simulator that can deal with the non-equilibrium vaporization of water and condensation of steam for predicting geothermal reservoir performances more accurately. First, we developed a three-dimensional simulator that can predict the flow behavior of geothermal fluids in a non-equilibrium state. Conventional geothermal simulators solve the only material balance equation for all the water molecules regardless of the phase condition. On the other hand, in the simulator developed in this research, water molecules in the liquid phase are distinguished from those in vapor phase, and the two material balance equations are derived for water and steam separately. These equations have the terms to express the molecular transportation from steam to water and vice versa. Non-equilibrium vaporization and condensation of water molecules are expressed by adjusting the kinetic rate of transportation of water molecules across phases. Next, we expanded the functions of the above simulator, incorporating two types of double porosity models, Kazemi and MINC, to reproduce the fluid flow preferentially through fractures and faults. After verifying the simulator functions, we investigated how the speed of the transportation of water molecules across phases affected the geothermal reservoir performances, especially those with recharging water. Case studies revealed that the non-equilibrium condition hastened the movement of the water injected as recharge water through fractures, which resulted in the water breakthrough earlier than predicted by conventional (equilibrium type) simulators.",
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