Development of HAUP and its applications to various kinds of solids

Jinzo Kobayashi, Toru Asahi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Optical activity was found in 1811 by Arago. However, optical activity of solids is extremely small and overwhelmed by existing birefringence, so it could not be measured until the high accuracy universal polarimeter (HAUP) was developed by us in 1983. The HAUP method enables us to measure optical activity and birefringence of any solids even belonging to monoclinic and triclinic systems. The principles of the HAUP and the more generalized one are given. The applications of the HAUP method to various kind of solids, i.e., the elucidation of the origin of the incommensurate state of ferroelectrics, optical activities of monoclinic crystals, huge optical activity of high polymer sheet, and the first measurement of a protein, lysozyme, crystal are described. These applications illustrate that axial tensorial consideration provides otherwise inaccessible insight of previously unsolved problems. Therefore we stress the necessity of developing a new research field defined as 'chiral physics', where axial tensors play essential roles.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
    PublisherSociety of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
    Pages25-39
    Number of pages15
    Volume4097
    Publication statusPublished - 2000
    EventComplex Mediums - San Diego, CA, USA
    Duration: 2000 Jul 302000 Aug 1

    Other

    OtherComplex Mediums
    CitySan Diego, CA, USA
    Period00/7/3000/8/1

    Fingerprint

    Polarimeters
    optical activity
    polarimeters
    Birefringence
    birefringence
    Crystals
    high polymers
    Ferroelectric materials
    Tensors
    lysozyme
    Enzymes
    Physics
    crystals
    Proteins
    tensors
    proteins
    Polymers
    physics

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    • Condensed Matter Physics

    Cite this

    Kobayashi, J., & Asahi, T. (2000). Development of HAUP and its applications to various kinds of solids. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 4097, pp. 25-39). Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.

    Development of HAUP and its applications to various kinds of solids. / Kobayashi, Jinzo; Asahi, Toru.

    Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 4097 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, 2000. p. 25-39.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Kobayashi, J & Asahi, T 2000, Development of HAUP and its applications to various kinds of solids. in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 4097, Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, pp. 25-39, Complex Mediums, San Diego, CA, USA, 00/7/30.
    Kobayashi J, Asahi T. Development of HAUP and its applications to various kinds of solids. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 4097. Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. 2000. p. 25-39
    Kobayashi, Jinzo ; Asahi, Toru. / Development of HAUP and its applications to various kinds of solids. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 4097 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, 2000. pp. 25-39
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