Development of high-efficiency and low-cost shroudless turbine for small hydropower generation plant

Yohei Nakamura, Hiroki Komatsu, Saki Shiratori, Ryosuke Shima, Sumio Saito, Kazuyoshi Miyagawa

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Hydropower generation is now attracting attention because of the world's energy problems. With cooperation from the industrial, governmental, and academic sectors, a new type of Francis turbine runner was developed for the Kazunogawa small hydropower generation plant. To validate its performance, a model turbine test facility was built at Waseda University, and a performance test was performed. This experiment confirmed that the maximum hydraulic efficiency was about 88%, and the operational point of maximum efficiency agreed with the design point. Then, using a high-speed video camera, three-hole pitot tube, and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) with cavitation analysis, the loss generation mechanism of the turbine was clarified. In addition, a vibratory cavitation erosion test was carried out to select the material for a prototype runner. It was found that the volume loss of ALBC was lower than that of any other material. At the first stage of prototype turbine design, a design point that could generate the maximum output for a year was calculated using the flow duration curve at the installation location. Then, the loss in the casing and double circular cascade was improved using CFD. Performance and load rejection tests were performed before the prototype turbine operation. It was confirmed that the maximum efficiency was 91%, and the runaway speed was lower than the value predicted by the model turbine test.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationICOPE 2015 - International Conference on Power Engineering
    PublisherJapan Society of Mechanical Engineers
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    EventInternational Conference on Power Engineering, ICOPE 2015 - Yokohama, Japan
    Duration: 2015 Nov 302015 Dec 4

    Other

    OtherInternational Conference on Power Engineering, ICOPE 2015
    CountryJapan
    CityYokohama
    Period15/11/3015/12/4

    Fingerprint

    Turbines
    Costs
    Computational fluid dynamics
    Francis turbines
    Cavitation corrosion
    Cascades (fluid mechanics)
    High speed cameras
    Video cameras
    Test facilities
    Cavitation
    Hydraulics
    Experiments

    Keywords

    • Cavitation erosion
    • Hydro turbine
    • Hydropower
    • Shroudless runner

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

    Cite this

    Nakamura, Y., Komatsu, H., Shiratori, S., Shima, R., Saito, S., & Miyagawa, K. (2015). Development of high-efficiency and low-cost shroudless turbine for small hydropower generation plant. In ICOPE 2015 - International Conference on Power Engineering Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers.

    Development of high-efficiency and low-cost shroudless turbine for small hydropower generation plant. / Nakamura, Yohei; Komatsu, Hiroki; Shiratori, Saki; Shima, Ryosuke; Saito, Sumio; Miyagawa, Kazuyoshi.

    ICOPE 2015 - International Conference on Power Engineering. Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2015.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Nakamura, Y, Komatsu, H, Shiratori, S, Shima, R, Saito, S & Miyagawa, K 2015, Development of high-efficiency and low-cost shroudless turbine for small hydropower generation plant. in ICOPE 2015 - International Conference on Power Engineering. Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, International Conference on Power Engineering, ICOPE 2015, Yokohama, Japan, 15/11/30.
    Nakamura Y, Komatsu H, Shiratori S, Shima R, Saito S, Miyagawa K. Development of high-efficiency and low-cost shroudless turbine for small hydropower generation plant. In ICOPE 2015 - International Conference on Power Engineering. Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. 2015
    Nakamura, Yohei ; Komatsu, Hiroki ; Shiratori, Saki ; Shima, Ryosuke ; Saito, Sumio ; Miyagawa, Kazuyoshi. / Development of high-efficiency and low-cost shroudless turbine for small hydropower generation plant. ICOPE 2015 - International Conference on Power Engineering. Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2015.
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