Development of liquid fuel reformer using Low Energy Pulse (LEP) discharge at room temperature

Yasushi Sekine, Masahiko Matsukata, Eiichi Kikuchi, Shigeru Kado

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

We studied steam reforming of ethanol at room temperature and atmospheric pressure using low energy pulse (LEP) discharge. In this study, we employed characteristic novel reformer, one electrode was made of carbon fibers (o.d. 7. 0 μm) bundle. So fuel was supplied to discharge region by capillary action of the fibers and reformed directly by LEP plasma without any pump or heater. When using this reformer, at first, the fuel was evaporated by heat emission from electrode, and then the vaporized reactants were reacted. Produced gaseous compounds were collected from upper part of the reactor, and analyzed by gas chromatography. H2 and other compounds: CO, CH4, CO 2, C2H4, and C2H6 were produced, and the formation rates were increased in proportion to the increase of the gap distance and input power. And compared to the former conventional reformer, the results were equivalent to the rates of gas phase reactor. The effects of ethanol concentration and of energy efficiency were studied, and the energy efficiency (LHV based) has reached 89.3 % at the ethanol concentration of 50 %, the discharge gap of 3.0 mm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages9327-9334
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec 1
Event2004 AIChE Annual Meeting - Austin, TX, United States
Duration: 2004 Nov 72004 Nov 12

Conference

Conference2004 AIChE Annual Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityAustin, TX
Period04/11/704/11/12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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    Sekine, Y., Matsukata, M., Kikuchi, E., & Kado, S. (2004). Development of liquid fuel reformer using Low Energy Pulse (LEP) discharge at room temperature. 9327-9334. Paper presented at 2004 AIChE Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, United States.