Development of net-current free heliotron plasmas in the Large Helical Device

A. Komori, H. Yamada, S. Sakakibara, O. Kaneko, K. Kawahata, T. Mutoh, N. Ohyabu, S. Imagawa, K. Ida, Y. Nagayama, T. Shimozuma, K. Y. Watanabe, T. Mito, M. Kobayashi, K. Nagaoka, R. Sakamoto, N. Yoshida, S. Ohdachi, N. Ashikawa, Y. Feng & 127 others T. Fukuda, H. Igami, S. Inagaki, H. Kasahara, S. Kubo, R. Kumazawa, O. Mitarai, S. Murakami, Yuji Nakamura, M. Nishiura, T. Hino, S. Masuzaki, K. Tanaka, K. Toi, A. Weller, M. Yoshinuma, Y. Narushima, N. Ohno, T. Okamura, N. Tamura, K. Saito, T. Seki, S. Sudo, H. Tanaka, T. Tokuzawa, N. Yanagi, M. Yokoyama, Y. Yoshimura, T. Akiyama, H. Chikaraishi, M. Chowdhuri, M. Emoto, N. Ezumi, H. Funaba, L. Garcia, P. Goncharov, M. Goto, K. Ichiguchi, M. Ichimura, H. Idei, T. Ido, S. Iio, K. Ikeda, M. Irie, A. Isayama, T. Ishigooka, M. Isobe, T. Ito, K. Itoh, A. Iwamae, S. Hamaguchi, T. Hamajima, S. Kitajima, S. Kado, D. Kato, T. Kato, S. Kobayashi, K. Kondo, S. Masamune, Y. Matsumoto, N. Matsunami, T. Minami, C. Michael, H. Miura, J. Miyazawa, N. Mizuguchi, T. Morisaki, S. Morita, G. Motojima, I. Murakami, S. Muto, K. Nagasaki, N. Nakajima, Y. Nakamura, H. Nakanishi, H. Nakano, K. Narihara, A. Nishimura, H. Nishimura, K. Nishimura, S. Nishimura, N. Nishino, T. Notake, T. Obana, K. Ogawa, Y. Oka, T. Ohishi, H. Okada, K. Okuno, K. Ono, M. Osakabe, T. Osako, T. Ozaki, B. J. Peterson, H. Sakaue, M. Sasao, S. Satake, K. Sato, M. Sato, A. Shimizu, M. Shiratani, M. Shoji, H. Sugama, C. Suzuki, Y. Suzuki, K. Takahata, H. Takahashi, Y. Takase, Y. Takeiri, H. Takenaga, S. Toda, Y. Todo, M. Tokitani, H. Tsuchiya, K. Tsumori, H. Urano, E. Veshchev, F. Watanabe, T. Watanabe, T. H. Watanabe, I. Yamada, S. Yamada, O. Yamagishi, S. Yamaguchi, S. Yoshimura, T. Yoshinaga, O. Motojima

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    41 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Remarkable progress in the physical parameters of net-current free plasmas has been made in the Large Helical Device (LHD) since the last Fusion Energy Conference in Chengdu, 2006 (Motojima et al 2007 Nucl. Fusion 47 S668). The beta value reached 5% and a high-beta state beyond 4.5% from the diamagnetic measurement has been maintained for longer than 100 times the energy confinement time. The density and temperature regimes have also been extended. The central density has exceeded 1 × 1021 m-3 due to the formation of an internal diffusion barrier. The ion temperature has reached 5.2 keV at the density of 1.6 × 1019 m-3, which is associated with the suppression of ion heat conduction loss. Although these parameters have been obtained in separated discharges, each fusion-reactor relevant parameter has elucidated the potential of net-current free heliotron plasmas. Diversified studies in recent LHD experiments are reviewed in this paper.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number104015
    JournalNuclear Fusion
    Volume49
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Fingerprint

    fusion
    fusion reactors
    ion temperature
    conductive heat transfer
    retarding
    energy
    ions
    temperature

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

    Cite this

    Komori, A., Yamada, H., Sakakibara, S., Kaneko, O., Kawahata, K., Mutoh, T., ... Motojima, O. (2009). Development of net-current free heliotron plasmas in the Large Helical Device. Nuclear Fusion, 49(10), [104015]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/49/10/104015

    Development of net-current free heliotron plasmas in the Large Helical Device. / Komori, A.; Yamada, H.; Sakakibara, S.; Kaneko, O.; Kawahata, K.; Mutoh, T.; Ohyabu, N.; Imagawa, S.; Ida, K.; Nagayama, Y.; Shimozuma, T.; Watanabe, K. Y.; Mito, T.; Kobayashi, M.; Nagaoka, K.; Sakamoto, R.; Yoshida, N.; Ohdachi, S.; Ashikawa, N.; Feng, Y.; Fukuda, T.; Igami, H.; Inagaki, S.; Kasahara, H.; Kubo, S.; Kumazawa, R.; Mitarai, O.; Murakami, S.; Nakamura, Yuji; Nishiura, M.; Hino, T.; Masuzaki, S.; Tanaka, K.; Toi, K.; Weller, A.; Yoshinuma, M.; Narushima, Y.; Ohno, N.; Okamura, T.; Tamura, N.; Saito, K.; Seki, T.; Sudo, S.; Tanaka, H.; Tokuzawa, T.; Yanagi, N.; Yokoyama, M.; Yoshimura, Y.; Akiyama, T.; Chikaraishi, H.; Chowdhuri, M.; Emoto, M.; Ezumi, N.; Funaba, H.; Garcia, L.; Goncharov, P.; Goto, M.; Ichiguchi, K.; Ichimura, M.; Idei, H.; Ido, T.; Iio, S.; Ikeda, K.; Irie, M.; Isayama, A.; Ishigooka, T.; Isobe, M.; Ito, T.; Itoh, K.; Iwamae, A.; Hamaguchi, S.; Hamajima, T.; Kitajima, S.; Kado, S.; Kato, D.; Kato, T.; Kobayashi, S.; Kondo, K.; Masamune, S.; Matsumoto, Y.; Matsunami, N.; Minami, T.; Michael, C.; Miura, H.; Miyazawa, J.; Mizuguchi, N.; Morisaki, T.; Morita, S.; Motojima, G.; Murakami, I.; Muto, S.; Nagasaki, K.; Nakajima, N.; Nakamura, Y.; Nakanishi, H.; Nakano, H.; Narihara, K.; Nishimura, A.; Nishimura, H.; Nishimura, K.; Nishimura, S.; Nishino, N.; Notake, T.; Obana, T.; Ogawa, K.; Oka, Y.; Ohishi, T.; Okada, H.; Okuno, K.; Ono, K.; Osakabe, M.; Osako, T.; Ozaki, T.; Peterson, B. J.; Sakaue, H.; Sasao, M.; Satake, S.; Sato, K.; Sato, M.; Shimizu, A.; Shiratani, M.; Shoji, M.; Sugama, H.; Suzuki, C.; Suzuki, Y.; Takahata, K.; Takahashi, H.; Takase, Y.; Takeiri, Y.; Takenaga, H.; Toda, S.; Todo, Y.; Tokitani, M.; Tsuchiya, H.; Tsumori, K.; Urano, H.; Veshchev, E.; Watanabe, F.; Watanabe, T.; Watanabe, T. H.; Yamada, I.; Yamada, S.; Yamagishi, O.; Yamaguchi, S.; Yoshimura, S.; Yoshinaga, T.; Motojima, O.

    In: Nuclear Fusion, Vol. 49, No. 10, 104015, 2009.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Komori, A, Yamada, H, Sakakibara, S, Kaneko, O, Kawahata, K, Mutoh, T, Ohyabu, N, Imagawa, S, Ida, K, Nagayama, Y, Shimozuma, T, Watanabe, KY, Mito, T, Kobayashi, M, Nagaoka, K, Sakamoto, R, Yoshida, N, Ohdachi, S, Ashikawa, N, Feng, Y, Fukuda, T, Igami, H, Inagaki, S, Kasahara, H, Kubo, S, Kumazawa, R, Mitarai, O, Murakami, S, Nakamura, Y, Nishiura, M, Hino, T, Masuzaki, S, Tanaka, K, Toi, K, Weller, A, Yoshinuma, M, Narushima, Y, Ohno, N, Okamura, T, Tamura, N, Saito, K, Seki, T, Sudo, S, Tanaka, H, Tokuzawa, T, Yanagi, N, Yokoyama, M, Yoshimura, Y, Akiyama, T, Chikaraishi, H, Chowdhuri, M, Emoto, M, Ezumi, N, Funaba, H, Garcia, L, Goncharov, P, Goto, M, Ichiguchi, K, Ichimura, M, Idei, H, Ido, T, Iio, S, Ikeda, K, Irie, M, Isayama, A, Ishigooka, T, Isobe, M, Ito, T, Itoh, K, Iwamae, A, Hamaguchi, S, Hamajima, T, Kitajima, S, Kado, S, Kato, D, Kato, T, Kobayashi, S, Kondo, K, Masamune, S, Matsumoto, Y, Matsunami, N, Minami, T, Michael, C, Miura, H, Miyazawa, J, Mizuguchi, N, Morisaki, T, Morita, S, Motojima, G, Murakami, I, Muto, S, Nagasaki, K, Nakajima, N, Nakamura, Y, Nakanishi, H, Nakano, H, Narihara, K, Nishimura, A, Nishimura, H, Nishimura, K, Nishimura, S, Nishino, N, Notake, T, Obana, T, Ogawa, K, Oka, Y, Ohishi, T, Okada, H, Okuno, K, Ono, K, Osakabe, M, Osako, T, Ozaki, T, Peterson, BJ, Sakaue, H, Sasao, M, Satake, S, Sato, K, Sato, M, Shimizu, A, Shiratani, M, Shoji, M, Sugama, H, Suzuki, C, Suzuki, Y, Takahata, K, Takahashi, H, Takase, Y, Takeiri, Y, Takenaga, H, Toda, S, Todo, Y, Tokitani, M, Tsuchiya, H, Tsumori, K, Urano, H, Veshchev, E, Watanabe, F, Watanabe, T, Watanabe, TH, Yamada, I, Yamada, S, Yamagishi, O, Yamaguchi, S, Yoshimura, S, Yoshinaga, T & Motojima, O 2009, 'Development of net-current free heliotron plasmas in the Large Helical Device', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 49, no. 10, 104015. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/49/10/104015
    Komori A, Yamada H, Sakakibara S, Kaneko O, Kawahata K, Mutoh T et al. Development of net-current free heliotron plasmas in the Large Helical Device. Nuclear Fusion. 2009;49(10). 104015. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/49/10/104015
    Komori, A. ; Yamada, H. ; Sakakibara, S. ; Kaneko, O. ; Kawahata, K. ; Mutoh, T. ; Ohyabu, N. ; Imagawa, S. ; Ida, K. ; Nagayama, Y. ; Shimozuma, T. ; Watanabe, K. Y. ; Mito, T. ; Kobayashi, M. ; Nagaoka, K. ; Sakamoto, R. ; Yoshida, N. ; Ohdachi, S. ; Ashikawa, N. ; Feng, Y. ; Fukuda, T. ; Igami, H. ; Inagaki, S. ; Kasahara, H. ; Kubo, S. ; Kumazawa, R. ; Mitarai, O. ; Murakami, S. ; Nakamura, Yuji ; Nishiura, M. ; Hino, T. ; Masuzaki, S. ; Tanaka, K. ; Toi, K. ; Weller, A. ; Yoshinuma, M. ; Narushima, Y. ; Ohno, N. ; Okamura, T. ; Tamura, N. ; Saito, K. ; Seki, T. ; Sudo, S. ; Tanaka, H. ; Tokuzawa, T. ; Yanagi, N. ; Yokoyama, M. ; Yoshimura, Y. ; Akiyama, T. ; Chikaraishi, H. ; Chowdhuri, M. ; Emoto, M. ; Ezumi, N. ; Funaba, H. ; Garcia, L. ; Goncharov, P. ; Goto, M. ; Ichiguchi, K. ; Ichimura, M. ; Idei, H. ; Ido, T. ; Iio, S. ; Ikeda, K. ; Irie, M. ; Isayama, A. ; Ishigooka, T. ; Isobe, M. ; Ito, T. ; Itoh, K. ; Iwamae, A. ; Hamaguchi, S. ; Hamajima, T. ; Kitajima, S. ; Kado, S. ; Kato, D. ; Kato, T. ; Kobayashi, S. ; Kondo, K. ; Masamune, S. ; Matsumoto, Y. ; Matsunami, N. ; Minami, T. ; Michael, C. ; Miura, H. ; Miyazawa, J. ; Mizuguchi, N. ; Morisaki, T. ; Morita, S. ; Motojima, G. ; Murakami, I. ; Muto, S. ; Nagasaki, K. ; Nakajima, N. ; Nakamura, Y. ; Nakanishi, H. ; Nakano, H. ; Narihara, K. ; Nishimura, A. ; Nishimura, H. ; Nishimura, K. ; Nishimura, S. ; Nishino, N. ; Notake, T. ; Obana, T. ; Ogawa, K. ; Oka, Y. ; Ohishi, T. ; Okada, H. ; Okuno, K. ; Ono, K. ; Osakabe, M. ; Osako, T. ; Ozaki, T. ; Peterson, B. J. ; Sakaue, H. ; Sasao, M. ; Satake, S. ; Sato, K. ; Sato, M. ; Shimizu, A. ; Shiratani, M. ; Shoji, M. ; Sugama, H. ; Suzuki, C. ; Suzuki, Y. ; Takahata, K. ; Takahashi, H. ; Takase, Y. ; Takeiri, Y. ; Takenaga, H. ; Toda, S. ; Todo, Y. ; Tokitani, M. ; Tsuchiya, H. ; Tsumori, K. ; Urano, H. ; Veshchev, E. ; Watanabe, F. ; Watanabe, T. ; Watanabe, T. H. ; Yamada, I. ; Yamada, S. ; Yamagishi, O. ; Yamaguchi, S. ; Yoshimura, S. ; Yoshinaga, T. ; Motojima, O. / Development of net-current free heliotron plasmas in the Large Helical Device. In: Nuclear Fusion. 2009 ; Vol. 49, No. 10.
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    title = "Development of net-current free heliotron plasmas in the Large Helical Device",
    abstract = "Remarkable progress in the physical parameters of net-current free plasmas has been made in the Large Helical Device (LHD) since the last Fusion Energy Conference in Chengdu, 2006 (Motojima et al 2007 Nucl. Fusion 47 S668). The beta value reached 5{\%} and a high-beta state beyond 4.5{\%} from the diamagnetic measurement has been maintained for longer than 100 times the energy confinement time. The density and temperature regimes have also been extended. The central density has exceeded 1 × 1021 m-3 due to the formation of an internal diffusion barrier. The ion temperature has reached 5.2 keV at the density of 1.6 × 1019 m-3, which is associated with the suppression of ion heat conduction loss. Although these parameters have been obtained in separated discharges, each fusion-reactor relevant parameter has elucidated the potential of net-current free heliotron plasmas. Diversified studies in recent LHD experiments are reviewed in this paper.",
    author = "A. Komori and H. Yamada and S. Sakakibara and O. Kaneko and K. Kawahata and T. Mutoh and N. Ohyabu and S. Imagawa and K. Ida and Y. Nagayama and T. Shimozuma and Watanabe, {K. Y.} and T. Mito and M. Kobayashi and K. Nagaoka and R. Sakamoto and N. Yoshida and S. Ohdachi and N. Ashikawa and Y. Feng and T. Fukuda and H. Igami and S. Inagaki and H. Kasahara and S. Kubo and R. Kumazawa and O. Mitarai and S. Murakami and Yuji Nakamura and M. Nishiura and T. Hino and S. Masuzaki and K. Tanaka and K. Toi and A. Weller and M. Yoshinuma and Y. Narushima and N. Ohno and T. Okamura and N. Tamura and K. Saito and T. Seki and S. Sudo and H. Tanaka and T. Tokuzawa and N. Yanagi and M. Yokoyama and Y. Yoshimura and T. Akiyama and H. Chikaraishi and M. Chowdhuri and M. Emoto and N. Ezumi and H. Funaba and L. Garcia and P. Goncharov and M. Goto and K. Ichiguchi and M. Ichimura and H. Idei and T. Ido and S. Iio and K. Ikeda and M. Irie and A. Isayama and T. Ishigooka and M. Isobe and T. Ito and K. Itoh and A. Iwamae and S. Hamaguchi and T. Hamajima and S. Kitajima and S. Kado and D. Kato and T. Kato and S. Kobayashi and K. Kondo and S. Masamune and Y. Matsumoto and N. Matsunami and T. Minami and C. Michael and H. Miura and J. Miyazawa and N. Mizuguchi and T. Morisaki and S. Morita and G. Motojima and I. Murakami and S. Muto and K. Nagasaki and N. Nakajima and Y. Nakamura and H. Nakanishi and H. Nakano and K. Narihara and A. Nishimura and H. Nishimura and K. Nishimura and S. Nishimura and N. Nishino and T. Notake and T. Obana and K. Ogawa and Y. Oka and T. Ohishi and H. Okada and K. Okuno and K. Ono and M. Osakabe and T. Osako and T. Ozaki and Peterson, {B. J.} and H. Sakaue and M. Sasao and S. Satake and K. Sato and M. Sato and A. Shimizu and M. Shiratani and M. Shoji and H. Sugama and C. Suzuki and Y. Suzuki and K. Takahata and H. Takahashi and Y. Takase and Y. Takeiri and H. Takenaga and S. Toda and Y. Todo and M. Tokitani and H. Tsuchiya and K. Tsumori and H. Urano and E. Veshchev and F. Watanabe and T. Watanabe and Watanabe, {T. H.} and I. Yamada and S. Yamada and O. Yamagishi and S. Yamaguchi and S. Yoshimura and T. Yoshinaga and O. Motojima",
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    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Development of net-current free heliotron plasmas in the Large Helical Device

    AU - Komori, A.

    AU - Yamada, H.

    AU - Sakakibara, S.

    AU - Kaneko, O.

    AU - Kawahata, K.

    AU - Mutoh, T.

    AU - Ohyabu, N.

    AU - Imagawa, S.

    AU - Ida, K.

    AU - Nagayama, Y.

    AU - Shimozuma, T.

    AU - Watanabe, K. Y.

    AU - Mito, T.

    AU - Kobayashi, M.

    AU - Nagaoka, K.

    AU - Sakamoto, R.

    AU - Yoshida, N.

    AU - Ohdachi, S.

    AU - Ashikawa, N.

    AU - Feng, Y.

    AU - Fukuda, T.

    AU - Igami, H.

    AU - Inagaki, S.

    AU - Kasahara, H.

    AU - Kubo, S.

    AU - Kumazawa, R.

    AU - Mitarai, O.

    AU - Murakami, S.

    AU - Nakamura, Yuji

    AU - Nishiura, M.

    AU - Hino, T.

    AU - Masuzaki, S.

    AU - Tanaka, K.

    AU - Toi, K.

    AU - Weller, A.

    AU - Yoshinuma, M.

    AU - Narushima, Y.

    AU - Ohno, N.

    AU - Okamura, T.

    AU - Tamura, N.

    AU - Saito, K.

    AU - Seki, T.

    AU - Sudo, S.

    AU - Tanaka, H.

    AU - Tokuzawa, T.

    AU - Yanagi, N.

    AU - Yokoyama, M.

    AU - Yoshimura, Y.

    AU - Akiyama, T.

    AU - Chikaraishi, H.

    AU - Chowdhuri, M.

    AU - Emoto, M.

    AU - Ezumi, N.

    AU - Funaba, H.

    AU - Garcia, L.

    AU - Goncharov, P.

    AU - Goto, M.

    AU - Ichiguchi, K.

    AU - Ichimura, M.

    AU - Idei, H.

    AU - Ido, T.

    AU - Iio, S.

    AU - Ikeda, K.

    AU - Irie, M.

    AU - Isayama, A.

    AU - Ishigooka, T.

    AU - Isobe, M.

    AU - Ito, T.

    AU - Itoh, K.

    AU - Iwamae, A.

    AU - Hamaguchi, S.

    AU - Hamajima, T.

    AU - Kitajima, S.

    AU - Kado, S.

    AU - Kato, D.

    AU - Kato, T.

    AU - Kobayashi, S.

    AU - Kondo, K.

    AU - Masamune, S.

    AU - Matsumoto, Y.

    AU - Matsunami, N.

    AU - Minami, T.

    AU - Michael, C.

    AU - Miura, H.

    AU - Miyazawa, J.

    AU - Mizuguchi, N.

    AU - Morisaki, T.

    AU - Morita, S.

    AU - Motojima, G.

    AU - Murakami, I.

    AU - Muto, S.

    AU - Nagasaki, K.

    AU - Nakajima, N.

    AU - Nakamura, Y.

    AU - Nakanishi, H.

    AU - Nakano, H.

    AU - Narihara, K.

    AU - Nishimura, A.

    AU - Nishimura, H.

    AU - Nishimura, K.

    AU - Nishimura, S.

    AU - Nishino, N.

    AU - Notake, T.

    AU - Obana, T.

    AU - Ogawa, K.

    AU - Oka, Y.

    AU - Ohishi, T.

    AU - Okada, H.

    AU - Okuno, K.

    AU - Ono, K.

    AU - Osakabe, M.

    AU - Osako, T.

    AU - Ozaki, T.

    AU - Peterson, B. J.

    AU - Sakaue, H.

    AU - Sasao, M.

    AU - Satake, S.

    AU - Sato, K.

    AU - Sato, M.

    AU - Shimizu, A.

    AU - Shiratani, M.

    AU - Shoji, M.

    AU - Sugama, H.

    AU - Suzuki, C.

    AU - Suzuki, Y.

    AU - Takahata, K.

    AU - Takahashi, H.

    AU - Takase, Y.

    AU - Takeiri, Y.

    AU - Takenaga, H.

    AU - Toda, S.

    AU - Todo, Y.

    AU - Tokitani, M.

    AU - Tsuchiya, H.

    AU - Tsumori, K.

    AU - Urano, H.

    AU - Veshchev, E.

    AU - Watanabe, F.

    AU - Watanabe, T.

    AU - Watanabe, T. H.

    AU - Yamada, I.

    AU - Yamada, S.

    AU - Yamagishi, O.

    AU - Yamaguchi, S.

    AU - Yoshimura, S.

    AU - Yoshinaga, T.

    AU - Motojima, O.

    PY - 2009

    Y1 - 2009

    N2 - Remarkable progress in the physical parameters of net-current free plasmas has been made in the Large Helical Device (LHD) since the last Fusion Energy Conference in Chengdu, 2006 (Motojima et al 2007 Nucl. Fusion 47 S668). The beta value reached 5% and a high-beta state beyond 4.5% from the diamagnetic measurement has been maintained for longer than 100 times the energy confinement time. The density and temperature regimes have also been extended. The central density has exceeded 1 × 1021 m-3 due to the formation of an internal diffusion barrier. The ion temperature has reached 5.2 keV at the density of 1.6 × 1019 m-3, which is associated with the suppression of ion heat conduction loss. Although these parameters have been obtained in separated discharges, each fusion-reactor relevant parameter has elucidated the potential of net-current free heliotron plasmas. Diversified studies in recent LHD experiments are reviewed in this paper.

    AB - Remarkable progress in the physical parameters of net-current free plasmas has been made in the Large Helical Device (LHD) since the last Fusion Energy Conference in Chengdu, 2006 (Motojima et al 2007 Nucl. Fusion 47 S668). The beta value reached 5% and a high-beta state beyond 4.5% from the diamagnetic measurement has been maintained for longer than 100 times the energy confinement time. The density and temperature regimes have also been extended. The central density has exceeded 1 × 1021 m-3 due to the formation of an internal diffusion barrier. The ion temperature has reached 5.2 keV at the density of 1.6 × 1019 m-3, which is associated with the suppression of ion heat conduction loss. Although these parameters have been obtained in separated discharges, each fusion-reactor relevant parameter has elucidated the potential of net-current free heliotron plasmas. Diversified studies in recent LHD experiments are reviewed in this paper.

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    U2 - 10.1088/0029-5515/49/10/104015

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