Development of physical and psychological functional fitness promotion program for community-dwelling elderly people who need long-term care

Hiroshi Kohno, Rendo Sugimoto, Naoto Shiota, Takashi Arao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examined exercise adherence and effectiveness of physical and psychological functional fitness promotion program for the community-dwelling elderly people who need long-term care. The program consisted of a home-based exercise program and group learning on self-care for physical soreness and disability. Subjects were 29 aged persons (13 males; 75.8 ± 9.5 yrs, BMI 24.7 ± 4.1, 16 females; 73.9 ± 5.1 yrs, BMI 24.7 ± 3.1) in the intervention group and 16 aged persons (3 males; 77.3 ± 9.0 yrs, BMI 24.6 ± 1.3, 13 females; 78.1 ± 6.8 yrs, BMI 24.4 ± 3.4) in the control group. The exercise program was composed of 3steps. For the first step, the subjects learned to realize their physical soreness. The next step was learning methods of caring for their soreness. The last step was to improve the muscle strength. The classes were held twice a week over the period of 3 months. Information on functional fitness, grip strength, TMIG index of competence, geriatric depression scale (GDS) and self efficacy for health promotion scale were obtained using the standardized tests and questinnaire before and after the intervention period. Before the intervention period, the physical fitness level and grip strength in the intervention group did not significantly differ from those in the control group. The program adherence and class participation were 75.9% and 70.3 ± 29.0% at the end of the intervention period, respectively. The intervention group showed significant improvement in functional fitness and grip strength. The improvement of Self-Care working performance, grip strength, TMIG index of competence, and GDS score in the intervention group were significantly higher than those in the control group. These results suggest that the functional fitness promotion program composed of self-care exercise and group learning were effective for improving physical and psychological functional fitness level in community-dwelling elderly people who need long-term care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalBulletin of the Physical Fitness Research Institute
Issue number103
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Mar
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Independent Living
Hand Strength
Long-Term Care
Self Care
Exercise
Psychology
Learning
Geriatrics
Mental Competency
Control Groups
Depression
Physical Fitness
Muscle Strength
Self Efficacy
Health Promotion

Keywords

  • Elderly requiring long-term care
  • Functional fitness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

Development of physical and psychological functional fitness promotion program for community-dwelling elderly people who need long-term care. / Kohno, Hiroshi; Sugimoto, Rendo; Shiota, Naoto; Arao, Takashi.

In: Bulletin of the Physical Fitness Research Institute, No. 103, 03.2005, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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