Development of the collimator response of gas slit camera of MAXI

Mikio Morii, Masaru Matsuoka, Shiro Ueno, Hiroshi Tomida, Haruyoshi Katayama, Kazuyoshi Kawasaki, Takao Yokota, Naoyuki Kuramata, Tatehiro Mihara, Mitsuhiro Kohama, Naoki Isobe, Motoki Nakajima, Hiroshi Tsunemi, Emi Miyata, Atsumasa Yoshida, Kazutaka Yamaoka, Yuichiro Tsuchiya, Takehiro Miyakawa, Nobuyuki Kawai, Jun KataokaSatoshi Tanaka, Hitoshi Negoro

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) is an X-ray all-sky scanner, which will be attached on Exposed Facility of Japanese Experiment Module dubbed "Kibo" of International Space Station (ISS). MAXI will be launched by the Space Shuttle or the Japanese H-IIA Transfer Vehicle (HTV) in 2008. MAXI carries two types of X-ray cameras: Solid-state Slit Camera (SSC) for 0.5 - 10 keV and Gas Slit Camera (GSC) for 2-30 keV bands. Both have long narrow fields of view (FOV) made by a slit and orthogonally arranged collimator plates (slats). The FOV will sweep almost the whole sky once every 96 minutes by utilizing the orbital motion of ISS. Then the light curve of an X-ray point source become triangular shape in one transit. In this paper, we present the actual triangular response of the GSC collimator, obtained by our calibration. In fact they are deformed by gaps between the slats, leaning angle of the slats, and the effective width of the slats. We are measuring these sizes by shooting X-ray beams into the detector behind the collimator. We summarize the calibration and present the first compilation of the data to make the GSC collimator response, which will be useful for public users.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation II
Subtitle of host publicationUltraviolet to Gamma Ray
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Oct 2
EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation II: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: 2006 May 242006 May 31

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume6266 II
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

ConferenceSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation II: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period06/5/2406/5/31

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Keywords

  • All sky monitor
  • Collimator
  • MAXI
  • X-ray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Morii, M., Matsuoka, M., Ueno, S., Tomida, H., Katayama, H., Kawasaki, K., Yokota, T., Kuramata, N., Mihara, T., Kohama, M., Isobe, N., Nakajima, M., Tsunemi, H., Miyata, E., Yoshida, A., Yamaoka, K., Tsuchiya, Y., Miyakawa, T., Kawai, N., ... Negoro, H. (2006). Development of the collimator response of gas slit camera of MAXI. In Space Telescopes and Instrumentation II: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray [62663U] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 6266 II). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.671300