Development of urea-SCR system for heavy-duty commercial vehicles (Improvement of SCR catalyst and proposal for new SCR concept)

Kiminobu Hirata, Nobuhiko Masaki, Masakazu Yano, Hisashi Akagawa, Jin Kusaka, Keishi Takada, Takayuki Mori

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Some manufacturers of heavy-duty commercial vehicles have adopted Urea-SCR system that can significantly reduce NOX exhaust gas emissions by using a catalyst for the purpose of meeting the Japanese New Long-term Diesel Emissions Regulation. This system can satisfy the demand for excellent fuel economy as well as reduced emissions. With engine modification, combustion efficiency is improved, thereby fuel economy is enhanced and engine-out emissions of PM are also reduced simultaneously. Though NOX emissions increase considerably as a resultant trade-off, a Urea-SCR catalyst is used as an after-treatment technology to reduce the NOX level. As global exhaust emissions regulations will be further strengthened in the near future, along with newly revised fuel consumption standards, the adoption of DPF together with the enhanced catalytic conversion efficiency for the Urea-SCR system is indispensable. Moreover, miniaturization of the after-treatment system is also an important issue. In order to enhance conversion efficiency of the Urea-SCR system, the improvement of (i) catalyst performance itself, (ii) urea dosing system, and (iii) the exhaust gas flow, etc. are required. At first, we focused on improved catalyst performance itself that could have bigger effect on conversion efficiency. The catalyst materials were improved to increase adsorption capability of the NH3 as a reducing agent, resulting in increased NOX and NH3 reaction rates on the catalyst. Furthermore, capacity of the SCR catalyst was increased and oxidation performance in the oxidation catalyst was optimized, which led to enhanced NOX conversion efficiency of the system not only in a steady cycle but also in a transient cycle. In addition, the new concept of 'the Urea-SCR system with the DPF function' was proposed for the miniaturization of the system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages65-72
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 1
Event7th International Conference on Modeling and Diagnostics for Advanced Engine Systems, COMODIA 2008 - Sapporo, Japan
Duration: 2008 Jul 282008 Jul 31

Conference

Conference7th International Conference on Modeling and Diagnostics for Advanced Engine Systems, COMODIA 2008
CountryJapan
CitySapporo
Period08/7/2808/7/31

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Keywords

  • DPF
  • SCR
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Modelling and Simulation

Cite this

Hirata, K., Masaki, N., Yano, M., Akagawa, H., Kusaka, J., Takada, K., & Mori, T. (2008). Development of urea-SCR system for heavy-duty commercial vehicles (Improvement of SCR catalyst and proposal for new SCR concept). 65-72. Paper presented at 7th International Conference on Modeling and Diagnostics for Advanced Engine Systems, COMODIA 2008, Sapporo, Japan.