Development study of precooled-cycle hypersonic turbojet engine for flight demonstration

Tetsuya Satou, Hideyuki Taguchi, Hiroaki Kobayashi, Takayuki Kojima, Keiichi Okai, Kazuhisa Fujita, Daisaku Masaki, Motoyuki Hongo, Toyohiko Ohta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes a development study of a precooled-cycle hypersonic turbojet engine for the first stage of TSTO space plane and hypersonic airplane. With reflecting the key technologies accumulated from ATREX (expander cycle ATR engine) ground tests, the next flyable subscale engine "S-engine" is now developed. S-engine has 23 cm × 23 cm of rectangular cross-section, 2.2 m of the overall length and about 100 kg of the weight employing a variable-geometry rectangular inlet and nozzle. It produces 1.2 kN of thrust at SLS, which corresponds to frac(1, 4) of the ATREX engine. Design of the hypersonic components such as the inlet, precooler and nozzle has been finished and their aerodynamic performances were verified by wind tunnel tests and CFD analyses. A prototype model of the diagonal-flow compressor whose pressure ratio is 6 was manufactured. Its rotating tests under the very-low pressure conditions are now in progress. The reverse-flow annular combustion chamber was successfully tested. The first flight test of the S-engine is to be conducted in 2008 by the balloon-based operation vehicle (BOV) which is about 5 m in length, 0.55 m in diameter and 500 kg in weight. The vehicle is dropped from an altitude of 40 km by a high altitude balloon. After 40-s free-fall, the vehicle pulls up and S-engine operates for 30 s at about Mach 2. High altitude tests of the engine components corresponding to the BOV's flight condition have been conducted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-375
Number of pages9
JournalActa Astronautica
Volume61
Issue number1-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jun
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Turbojet engines
Hypersonic aerodynamics
Demonstrations
Engines
Balloons
Nozzles
Combustion chambers
Mach number
Wind tunnels
Compressors
Aerodynamics
Computational fluid dynamics
Aircraft
Geometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Development study of precooled-cycle hypersonic turbojet engine for flight demonstration. / Satou, Tetsuya; Taguchi, Hideyuki; Kobayashi, Hiroaki; Kojima, Takayuki; Okai, Keiichi; Fujita, Kazuhisa; Masaki, Daisaku; Hongo, Motoyuki; Ohta, Toyohiko.

In: Acta Astronautica, Vol. 61, No. 1-6, 06.2007, p. 367-375.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Satou, T, Taguchi, H, Kobayashi, H, Kojima, T, Okai, K, Fujita, K, Masaki, D, Hongo, M & Ohta, T 2007, 'Development study of precooled-cycle hypersonic turbojet engine for flight demonstration', Acta Astronautica, vol. 61, no. 1-6, pp. 367-375. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2007.01.012
Satou, Tetsuya ; Taguchi, Hideyuki ; Kobayashi, Hiroaki ; Kojima, Takayuki ; Okai, Keiichi ; Fujita, Kazuhisa ; Masaki, Daisaku ; Hongo, Motoyuki ; Ohta, Toyohiko. / Development study of precooled-cycle hypersonic turbojet engine for flight demonstration. In: Acta Astronautica. 2007 ; Vol. 61, No. 1-6. pp. 367-375.
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