Recently, we reported an Ir-catalyzed formal [4 + 1] cycloaddition of biphenylenes with alkenes, which gave 9,9-disubstituted fluorenes in moderate to excellent yields. We proposed a reaction mechanism that involved the intermolecular insertion of alkenes, β-elimination, and intramolecular insertion based on the results of experimental mechanistic studies. Herein, we further support the proposed mechanism by density functional theory calculations and explain why [4 + 1] cycloaddition proceeds rather than conventional [4 + 2] cycloaddition.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)