Dielectric properties of poly(ethylene terephthalate) and poly(ethylene 2,6-naphthalate)

Peng Yang, Fuqiang Tian, Yoshimichi Ohki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dielectric behavior was compared experimentally between polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and poly(ethylene 2,6-naphthalate) (PEN). Due to their similar chemical structures, the two polymers exhibit many parallel dielectric properties. While the two polymers exhibit fairly similar thermally stimulated polarization and depolarization currents (TSPC and TSDC), the temperature at which TSPC or TSDC starts to increase rapidly is about 20 °C higher in PEN than in PET, mostly likely reflecting the difference in their glass transition temperatures (Tg's). At temperatures about 30 °C lower than Tg, the two polymers show a hump in their first-run TSPC spectra, probably originating from impurity or moisture. Both the real and imaginary parts of complex permittivity, εr' and εr", increase significantly at temperatures above their Tg's for both PEN and PET, since molecular motion becomes active. Shoulders and plateaux clearly appear in εr' and εr" spectra of PEN, which move toward higher frequencies with an increase in temperature. To further analyze them, complex electric modulus M∗ was introduced. As a result, it has become clear that electric conduction dominates the dielectric behavior of PET and PEN at temperatures above Tg, especially at low frequencies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6927361
Pages (from-to)2310-2317
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Polyethylene terephthalate
  • dielectric property
  • electric modulus
  • polyethylene naphthalate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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