Differences in daily in-hospital physical activity and geriatric nutritional risk index in older cardiac inpatients: preliminary results

Kazuhiro P. Izawa, Satoshi Watanabe, Koichiro Oka, Naohiko Osada, Kazuto Omiya, Peter H. Brubaker, Hiroyuki Shimizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the differences in the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) status in older patients and their relationship to accelerometer-derived measures of physical activity (PA) levels. We determined both differences in daily measured PA based on the GNRI and related cut-off values for PA in elderly cardiac inpatients.

METHODS: We divided 235 consecutive elderly cardiac inpatients (mean age 73.6 years, men 70.6%) into four groups by age and GNRI: older-high group, 65-74 years with high GNRI (≥92 points) (n = 111); older-low group, low GNRI (<92 points) (n = 30); very old-high group, ≥75 years with high GNRI (n = 55); and very old-low group with low GNRI (n = 39). Average step count and physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE in kcal) per day for 2 days of these inpatients were assessed by accelerometer and compared between the four groups to determine cut-off values of PA.

RESULTS: Step counts and PAEE were significantly lower in the low-GNRI versus high-GNRI groups in the older (2,742.1 vs. 4,198.1 steps, 55.4 vs. 101.3 kcal, P < 0.001), and very old (2,469.6 vs. 3,423.7 steps, 54.5 vs. 79.1 kcal, P < 0.001) cardiac inpatients. Respective cut-off values for step counts and PAEE were 3,017.6 steps/day and 69.4 kcal (P < 0.01) in the older and 2,579.4 steps/day and 58.8 kcal in the very old cardiac inpatients (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION: Poor nutritional status, as indicated by a low GNRI, may be a useful predictor of step counts and PAEE. The cut-off values determined in this study might be target values to be attained by older cardiac inpatients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-605
Number of pages7
JournalAging clinical and experimental research
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 1

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Nutrition Assessment
Geriatrics
Inpatients
Exercise
Nutritional Status
Energy Metabolism
Age Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Differences in daily in-hospital physical activity and geriatric nutritional risk index in older cardiac inpatients : preliminary results. / Izawa, Kazuhiro P.; Watanabe, Satoshi; Oka, Koichiro; Osada, Naohiko; Omiya, Kazuto; Brubaker, Peter H.; Shimizu, Hiroyuki.

In: Aging clinical and experimental research, Vol. 26, No. 6, 01.12.2014, p. 599-605.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Izawa, Kazuhiro P. ; Watanabe, Satoshi ; Oka, Koichiro ; Osada, Naohiko ; Omiya, Kazuto ; Brubaker, Peter H. ; Shimizu, Hiroyuki. / Differences in daily in-hospital physical activity and geriatric nutritional risk index in older cardiac inpatients : preliminary results. In: Aging clinical and experimental research. 2014 ; Vol. 26, No. 6. pp. 599-605.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: Little is known about the differences in the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) status in older patients and their relationship to accelerometer-derived measures of physical activity (PA) levels. We determined both differences in daily measured PA based on the GNRI and related cut-off values for PA in elderly cardiac inpatients.METHODS: We divided 235 consecutive elderly cardiac inpatients (mean age 73.6 years, men 70.6{\%}) into four groups by age and GNRI: older-high group, 65-74 years with high GNRI (≥92 points) (n = 111); older-low group, low GNRI (<92 points) (n = 30); very old-high group, ≥75 years with high GNRI (n = 55); and very old-low group with low GNRI (n = 39). Average step count and physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE in kcal) per day for 2 days of these inpatients were assessed by accelerometer and compared between the four groups to determine cut-off values of PA.RESULTS: Step counts and PAEE were significantly lower in the low-GNRI versus high-GNRI groups in the older (2,742.1 vs. 4,198.1 steps, 55.4 vs. 101.3 kcal, P < 0.001), and very old (2,469.6 vs. 3,423.7 steps, 54.5 vs. 79.1 kcal, P < 0.001) cardiac inpatients. Respective cut-off values for step counts and PAEE were 3,017.6 steps/day and 69.4 kcal (P < 0.01) in the older and 2,579.4 steps/day and 58.8 kcal in the very old cardiac inpatients (P < 0.01).CONCLUSION: Poor nutritional status, as indicated by a low GNRI, may be a useful predictor of step counts and PAEE. The cut-off values determined in this study might be target values to be attained by older cardiac inpatients.",
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T1 - Differences in daily in-hospital physical activity and geriatric nutritional risk index in older cardiac inpatients

T2 - preliminary results

AU - Izawa, Kazuhiro P.

AU - Watanabe, Satoshi

AU - Oka, Koichiro

AU - Osada, Naohiko

AU - Omiya, Kazuto

AU - Brubaker, Peter H.

AU - Shimizu, Hiroyuki

PY - 2014/12/1

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N2 - BACKGROUND: Little is known about the differences in the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) status in older patients and their relationship to accelerometer-derived measures of physical activity (PA) levels. We determined both differences in daily measured PA based on the GNRI and related cut-off values for PA in elderly cardiac inpatients.METHODS: We divided 235 consecutive elderly cardiac inpatients (mean age 73.6 years, men 70.6%) into four groups by age and GNRI: older-high group, 65-74 years with high GNRI (≥92 points) (n = 111); older-low group, low GNRI (<92 points) (n = 30); very old-high group, ≥75 years with high GNRI (n = 55); and very old-low group with low GNRI (n = 39). Average step count and physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE in kcal) per day for 2 days of these inpatients were assessed by accelerometer and compared between the four groups to determine cut-off values of PA.RESULTS: Step counts and PAEE were significantly lower in the low-GNRI versus high-GNRI groups in the older (2,742.1 vs. 4,198.1 steps, 55.4 vs. 101.3 kcal, P < 0.001), and very old (2,469.6 vs. 3,423.7 steps, 54.5 vs. 79.1 kcal, P < 0.001) cardiac inpatients. Respective cut-off values for step counts and PAEE were 3,017.6 steps/day and 69.4 kcal (P < 0.01) in the older and 2,579.4 steps/day and 58.8 kcal in the very old cardiac inpatients (P < 0.01).CONCLUSION: Poor nutritional status, as indicated by a low GNRI, may be a useful predictor of step counts and PAEE. The cut-off values determined in this study might be target values to be attained by older cardiac inpatients.

AB - BACKGROUND: Little is known about the differences in the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) status in older patients and their relationship to accelerometer-derived measures of physical activity (PA) levels. We determined both differences in daily measured PA based on the GNRI and related cut-off values for PA in elderly cardiac inpatients.METHODS: We divided 235 consecutive elderly cardiac inpatients (mean age 73.6 years, men 70.6%) into four groups by age and GNRI: older-high group, 65-74 years with high GNRI (≥92 points) (n = 111); older-low group, low GNRI (<92 points) (n = 30); very old-high group, ≥75 years with high GNRI (n = 55); and very old-low group with low GNRI (n = 39). Average step count and physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE in kcal) per day for 2 days of these inpatients were assessed by accelerometer and compared between the four groups to determine cut-off values of PA.RESULTS: Step counts and PAEE were significantly lower in the low-GNRI versus high-GNRI groups in the older (2,742.1 vs. 4,198.1 steps, 55.4 vs. 101.3 kcal, P < 0.001), and very old (2,469.6 vs. 3,423.7 steps, 54.5 vs. 79.1 kcal, P < 0.001) cardiac inpatients. Respective cut-off values for step counts and PAEE were 3,017.6 steps/day and 69.4 kcal (P < 0.01) in the older and 2,579.4 steps/day and 58.8 kcal in the very old cardiac inpatients (P < 0.01).CONCLUSION: Poor nutritional status, as indicated by a low GNRI, may be a useful predictor of step counts and PAEE. The cut-off values determined in this study might be target values to be attained by older cardiac inpatients.

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