An experimental investigation on the disturbing influence of the solutal Marangoni convection during diffusion measurements is presented. We used the systems Sn-Bi, Pb-Ag and Sn-In with decreasing differences in surface tension. For all systems we measured surface tension and - under varying free surface conditions - diffusion coefficients. We succeeded in measuring diffusion coefficients on the ground under nearly non-free surface conditions. The results are compared with the results of the FOTON M2-satellite mission with similar μg-experiments. We show that temperatures from around 400 °C to about 800 °C and the degree of free surfaces influences strongly the measured value for the diffusion coefficient.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Dec|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes