Dinuclear niobium(III) and tantalum(III) complexes with thioether and selenoether ligands [{MIIIX2(L)}2(μ-X) 2(μ-L)] (M = Nb, Ta; X = Cl, Br; L = R2S, R 2Se): Syntheses, structures, and the optimal conditions and the mechanism of the catalysis for regioselective cyclotrimerization of alkynes

Masatoshi Matsuura, Takashi Fujihara, Masaki Kakeya, Tomoaki Sugaya, Akira Nagasawa

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Abstract

A series of dinuclear niobium(III) and tantalum(III) halide complexes with chalcogen donors [{MIIIX2(L)}2(μ-X) 2(μ-L)] (M = Nb; X = Cl, Br; L = R2S, R2Se) (M = Ta; X = Cl, Br; L = R2S) have been prepared by the reaction of dimetal(V) decahalide (M2X10) with magnesium and L. The structures of five of those new complexes were determined by X-ray crystallography to have a M-M double bond. It is evidenced that the solvent and the temperature play important roles in achieving high yield and regioselectivity for cyclotrimerization of alkynes. The reaction of the niobium(III) chloride complexes (L = dimethyl sulfide (Me2S), tetrahydrothiophene (C4H8S, THT, thiolane)) with phenylacetylene at room temperature in toluene gave both head-to-tail cycloadded trimers of alkyne, 1,3,5-(Ph)3-2,4,6-(H)3-benzene and head-to-head cycloadded 1,2,4-(Ph)3-3,5,6-(H)3-benzene, in high yields. The smaller the thioether ligands, the higher the catalytic activity. The niobium(III) chloride complexes with selenoether (L = dimethyl selenide (Me2Se), tetrahydroselenophene (C4H 8Se, THSe, selenolane) have higher rates for the reaction with alkynes, but low activity for the cyclotrimerization. Tantalum(III) chloride complexes (L = Me2S, THT, tetrahydrothiopyran (C5H 10S, THTP, thiane)) have lower catalytic activities than the niobium(III) ones, because the Ta-S(μ-L) bond lengths are shorter than those of niobium analogs. The stability of the precursor complexes toward the first oxidative addition depends on the M-S(μ-L) bond strength, and controls the concentration of catalytic active species. The niobium(III) bromide complexes (L = Me2S, THT) and the tantalum(III) bromide one (L = Me2S) react with alkynes to give head-to-tail compounds regioselectively, but are less catalytically active than those of chloride complexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-298
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Organometallic Chemistry
Volume745-746
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Alkyne
  • Chalcogen
  • Cyclotrimerization
  • Niobium
  • Regioselectivity
  • Tantalum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Biochemistry

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