Dirac structures are geometric objects that generalize both Poisson structures and presymplectic structures on manifolds. They naturally appear in the formulation of constrained mechanical systems. In this paper, we show that the evolution equa-tions for nonequilibrium thermodynamics admit an intrinsic formulation in terms of Dirac structures, both on the Lagrangian and the Hamiltonian settings. In absence of irreversible processes these Dirac structures reduce to canonical Dirac structures associated to canonical symplectic forms on phase spaces. Our geometric formulation of nonequilibrium thermodynamic thus consistently extends the geometric formulation of mechanics, to which it reduces in absence of irreversible processes. The Dirac struc-tures are associated to the variational formulation of nonequilibrium thermodynamics developed in Gay-Balmaz and Yoshimura [2016a,b] and are induced from a nonlin-ear nonholonomic constraint given by the expression of the entropy production of the system.
|Publication status||Published - 2017 Apr 12|
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