Dirac structures in nonequilibrium thermodynamics

Hiroaki Yoshimura, François Gay-Balmaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In this paper, it is shown that the evolution equations for nonequilibrium thermodynamics admit an intrinsic formulation in terms of Dirac structures, both on the Lagrangian and the Hamiltonian settings. The Dirac structures are constructed on the Pontryagin bundle P = TQ ⊕ TQ, where Q = Q × ℝ is the thermodynamic configuration manifold. In particular, it is illustrated how one can develop Dirac structures that include nonlinear nonholonomic constraints originated from the entropy production in each irreversible process. Lastly, we also present the induced Dirac structure on N = TQ × ℝ together with the associated Lagrange-Dirac and Hamilton-Dirac dynamical formulations in analogy with nonholonomic mechanics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-37
Number of pages7
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Dirac structures
  • Hamilton-Dirac systems
  • Lagrange-Dirac systems
  • Nonequilibrium thermodynamics
  • irreversible processes
  • nonlinear nonholonomic constraints

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering

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