Directly modulated membrane lasers with 108 GHz bandwidth on a high-thermal-conductivity silicon carbide substrate

Suguru Yamaoka*, Nikolaos Panteleimon Diamantopoulos, Hidetaka Nishi, Ryo Nakao, Takuro Fujii, Koji Takeda, Tatsurou Hiraki, Takuma Tsurugaya, Shigeru Kanazawa, Hiromasa Tanobe, Takaaki Kakitsuka, Tai Tsuchizawa, Fumio Koyama, Shinji Matsuo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increasing the modulation speed of semiconductor lasers has attracted much attention from the viewpoint of both physics and the applications of lasers. Here we propose a membrane distributed reflector laser on a low-refractive-index and high-thermal-conductivity silicon carbide substrate that overcomes the modulation bandwidth limit. The laser features a high modulation efficiency because of its large optical confinement in the active region and small differential gain reduction at a high injection current density. We achieve a 42 GHz relaxation oscillation frequency by using a laser with a 50-μm-long active region. The cavity, designed to have a short photon lifetime, suppresses the damping effect while keeping the threshold carrier density low, resulting in a 60 GHz intrinsic 3 dB bandwidth (f3dB). By employing the photon–photon resonance at 95 GHz due to optical feedback from an integrated output waveguide, we achieve an f3dB of 108 GHz and demonstrate 256 Gbit s−1 four-level pulse-amplitude modulations with a 475 fJ bit−1 energy cost of the direct-current electrical input.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-35
Number of pages8
JournalNature Photonics
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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