Disability and voting

Tetsuya Matsubayashi, Michiko Ueda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background For millions of people with disabilities in the United States, exercising the fundamental right to vote remains a challenge. Over the last few decades, the U.S. government has enacted several pieces of legislation to make voting accessible to individuals with disabilities. Objective We examine trends in self-reported voting rates among people with and without disabilities to uncover evidence for the effects of these policies on political participation. We also explore what policy change is necessary to encourage people with disabilities to vote by investigating whether the participation rates vary by the types of disabilities. Methods We analyze the Current Population Survey (CPS) data in the years of presidential elections for the period of 1980-2008. Results Our analysis shows that the population aged 18-64 with work-preventing disabilities has been persistently less likely to vote compared to the corresponding population without such disabilities. In addition, individuals with cognitive and mobility impairments have the lowest rates of electoral participation. The gap in the likelihood of voting in-person between people with and without disabilities is considerably larger than the gap in the likelihood of voting by-mail, regardless of the types of impairments that they have. Conclusions The participation gap between people with and without disabilities did not decrease over the last three decades despite the presence of federal laws that aimed at removing barriers for voting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-291
Number of pages7
JournalDisability and Health Journal
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Politics
Disabled Persons
Population
Postal Service
Legislation

Keywords

  • Disability
  • Participation gap
  • Voter turnout

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Disability and voting. / Matsubayashi, Tetsuya; Ueda, Michiko.

In: Disability and Health Journal, Vol. 7, No. 3, 2014, p. 285-291.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Matsubayashi, Tetsuya ; Ueda, Michiko. / Disability and voting. In: Disability and Health Journal. 2014 ; Vol. 7, No. 3. pp. 285-291.
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