Discrete cortical regions associated with the musical beauty of major and minor chords

Miho Kitamura, Nobuyuki Okamura, Yousuke Kawachi, Manabu Tashiro, Hiroshi Arao, Takayuki Hoshishiba, Jiro Gyoba, Kazuhiko Yanai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous research has demonstrated that the degree of aesthetic pleasure a person experiences correlates with the activation of reward functions in the brain. However, it is unclear whether different affective qualities and the perceptions of beauty that they evoke correspond to specific areas of brain activation. Major and minor musical keys induce two types of affective qualities-bright/happy and dark/sad - that both evoke aesthetic pleasure. In the present study, we used positron emission tomography to demonstrate that the two musical keys (major and minor) activate distinct brain areas. Minor consonant chords perceived as beautiful strongly activated the right striatum, which has been assumed to play an important role in reward and emotion processing, whereas major consonant chords perceived as beautiful induced significant activity in the left middle temporal gyrus, which is believed to be related to coherent and orderly information processing. These results suggest that major and minor keys, both of which are perceived as beautiful, are processed differently in the brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-131
Number of pages6
JournalCognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Beauty
Pleasure
Brain
Reward
Esthetics
Temporal Lobe
Automatic Data Processing
Positron-Emission Tomography
Emotions
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Discrete cortical regions associated with the musical beauty of major and minor chords. / Kitamura, Miho; Okamura, Nobuyuki; Kawachi, Yousuke; Tashiro, Manabu; Arao, Hiroshi; Hoshishiba, Takayuki; Gyoba, Jiro; Yanai, Kazuhiko.

In: Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, Vol. 8, No. 2, 06.2008, p. 126-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kitamura, M, Okamura, N, Kawachi, Y, Tashiro, M, Arao, H, Hoshishiba, T, Gyoba, J & Yanai, K 2008, 'Discrete cortical regions associated with the musical beauty of major and minor chords', Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 126-131. https://doi.org/10.3758/CABN.8.2.126
Kitamura, Miho ; Okamura, Nobuyuki ; Kawachi, Yousuke ; Tashiro, Manabu ; Arao, Hiroshi ; Hoshishiba, Takayuki ; Gyoba, Jiro ; Yanai, Kazuhiko. / Discrete cortical regions associated with the musical beauty of major and minor chords. In: Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience. 2008 ; Vol. 8, No. 2. pp. 126-131.
@article{9c8fc6979e97427bb0913506b389ff2f,
title = "Discrete cortical regions associated with the musical beauty of major and minor chords",
abstract = "Previous research has demonstrated that the degree of aesthetic pleasure a person experiences correlates with the activation of reward functions in the brain. However, it is unclear whether different affective qualities and the perceptions of beauty that they evoke correspond to specific areas of brain activation. Major and minor musical keys induce two types of affective qualities-bright/happy and dark/sad - that both evoke aesthetic pleasure. In the present study, we used positron emission tomography to demonstrate that the two musical keys (major and minor) activate distinct brain areas. Minor consonant chords perceived as beautiful strongly activated the right striatum, which has been assumed to play an important role in reward and emotion processing, whereas major consonant chords perceived as beautiful induced significant activity in the left middle temporal gyrus, which is believed to be related to coherent and orderly information processing. These results suggest that major and minor keys, both of which are perceived as beautiful, are processed differently in the brain.",
author = "Miho Kitamura and Nobuyuki Okamura and Yousuke Kawachi and Manabu Tashiro and Hiroshi Arao and Takayuki Hoshishiba and Jiro Gyoba and Kazuhiko Yanai",
year = "2008",
month = "6",
doi = "10.3758/CABN.8.2.126",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "126--131",
journal = "Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience",
issn = "1530-7026",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Discrete cortical regions associated with the musical beauty of major and minor chords

AU - Kitamura, Miho

AU - Okamura, Nobuyuki

AU - Kawachi, Yousuke

AU - Tashiro, Manabu

AU - Arao, Hiroshi

AU - Hoshishiba, Takayuki

AU - Gyoba, Jiro

AU - Yanai, Kazuhiko

PY - 2008/6

Y1 - 2008/6

N2 - Previous research has demonstrated that the degree of aesthetic pleasure a person experiences correlates with the activation of reward functions in the brain. However, it is unclear whether different affective qualities and the perceptions of beauty that they evoke correspond to specific areas of brain activation. Major and minor musical keys induce two types of affective qualities-bright/happy and dark/sad - that both evoke aesthetic pleasure. In the present study, we used positron emission tomography to demonstrate that the two musical keys (major and minor) activate distinct brain areas. Minor consonant chords perceived as beautiful strongly activated the right striatum, which has been assumed to play an important role in reward and emotion processing, whereas major consonant chords perceived as beautiful induced significant activity in the left middle temporal gyrus, which is believed to be related to coherent and orderly information processing. These results suggest that major and minor keys, both of which are perceived as beautiful, are processed differently in the brain.

AB - Previous research has demonstrated that the degree of aesthetic pleasure a person experiences correlates with the activation of reward functions in the brain. However, it is unclear whether different affective qualities and the perceptions of beauty that they evoke correspond to specific areas of brain activation. Major and minor musical keys induce two types of affective qualities-bright/happy and dark/sad - that both evoke aesthetic pleasure. In the present study, we used positron emission tomography to demonstrate that the two musical keys (major and minor) activate distinct brain areas. Minor consonant chords perceived as beautiful strongly activated the right striatum, which has been assumed to play an important role in reward and emotion processing, whereas major consonant chords perceived as beautiful induced significant activity in the left middle temporal gyrus, which is believed to be related to coherent and orderly information processing. These results suggest that major and minor keys, both of which are perceived as beautiful, are processed differently in the brain.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=52249110480&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=52249110480&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3758/CABN.8.2.126

DO - 10.3758/CABN.8.2.126

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 126

EP - 131

JO - Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience

JF - Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience

SN - 1530-7026

IS - 2

ER -