Disinfection of drinking water by using a novel electrochemical reactor employing carbon-cloth electrodes

Tadashi Matsunaga, S. Nakasono, T. Takamuku, J. G. Burgess, N. Nakamura, K. Sode

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel electrochemical reactor employing carbon-cloth electrodes was constructed for disinfection of drinking water. Escherichia coli K-12 (102 cells per cm3) was sterilized when a cell suspension was passed through the reactor at a dilution rate of 6.0 h-1, and a potential of 0.7 V versus a saturated calomel electrode was applied to an electrode. The survival ratio increased with increasing dilution rate but was <0.1% at dilution rates of <6.0 h-1. Although the survival ratio increased with increasing cell concentration above 103 cells per cm3, the disinfection rate also increased. The disinfection rate was 6.0 x 102 cells per cm3 per h at a cell concentration of 102 cells per cm3. Continuous sterilization of E. coli cells was carried out for 24 h. Sterilization is based on an electrochemical reaction between the electrode and the cell which is mediated by intracellular coenzyme A. Sterilization of drinking water by using this reactor was successfully performed, demonstrating the potential of such a reactor for clean and efficient water purification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686-689
Number of pages4
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume58
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Disinfection
disinfection
Drinking Water
electrodes
drinking water
Electrodes
electrode
Carbon
carbon
dilution
sterilizing
cells
mercurous chloride
Escherichia coli K12
water purification
Escherichia coli
coenzyme A
reactor
rate
Water Purification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Disinfection of drinking water by using a novel electrochemical reactor employing carbon-cloth electrodes. / Matsunaga, Tadashi; Nakasono, S.; Takamuku, T.; Burgess, J. G.; Nakamura, N.; Sode, K.

In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 58, No. 2, 1992, p. 686-689.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Matsunaga, Tadashi ; Nakasono, S. ; Takamuku, T. ; Burgess, J. G. ; Nakamura, N. ; Sode, K. / Disinfection of drinking water by using a novel electrochemical reactor employing carbon-cloth electrodes. In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 1992 ; Vol. 58, No. 2. pp. 686-689.
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