Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is characterized by craniofacial dysmorphisms, intellectual disabilities, growth retardation, and several other systemic abnormalities. CdLS is caused by heterozygous germline mutations in structural and regulatory components of cohesin. Mutations in NIPBL, which encodes regulatory subunit of cohesin, are frequently found in individuals with CdLS. CdLS is associated with a currently unknown mechanism of global transcriptional dysregulation. In this study, NIPBL mutants were generated using the CRISPR/Cas9 system to study this mechanism. Clones with a biallelic frameshift mutation in exon 3 of NIPBL, resulting in a truncated N-terminus, displayed transcriptional dysregulation without sister chromatid separation defects. Detailed transcriptome analysis revealed the overexpression of genes in NIPBL mutants that are typically expressed at low levels in wild type and the reduced expression of genes that are typically expressed at high levels in wild type. This result suggested that NIPBL plays a role in fine-tuning gene expression levels. MAU2 protein, that closely interacts with NIPBL, was nearly absent in these clones. The reduction of MAU2 observed in NIPBL mutants points to the importance of the NIPBL N-terminus/MAU2 interaction in transcriptional regulatory role of NIPBL.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)