Distributions of γ-Aminobutyric Acid Immunoreactive and Acetylcholinesterase-Containing Cells in the Primary Olfactory System in the Terrestrial Slug Limax marginatus

Iori Ito, Satoshi Watanabe, Tetsuya Kimura, Yutaka Kirino, Etsuro Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The tentacular ganglion, the primary olfactory system of terrestrial slugs, exhibits spontaneous oscillations with a spatial coherence. The digit-like extensions (digits) of the tentacular ganglion presumably house the cell bodies of the neurons underlying the oscillations. The present study was designed to identify the anatomical and physiological determinants of these oscillations with a special focus on whether the neurons located in the digits contribute to the coherent oscillations. We recorded field potentials from the spatially separated sites in the digits in the terrestrial slug Limax marginatus. We also simultaneously recorded tentacular nerve to monitor the coherent oscillations. The spatially separated regions in the digits oscillated at the same frequency as the tentacular nerve, indicating a single coherent activity. To study the neural networks underlying the coherent oscillations, we examined the distributions of acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-containing and γ- aminobutyric acid immunoreactive (GABA-ir) neurons. AChE-containing and GABA-ir fibers were found to connect the neurons in a branch of the digits with those in other branches. We also used a vital staining technique with 1,1′-didodecyl-3,3,3′,3′-tetramethylindocarbocyanine perchlorate to examine the projections of neurons in the digits. Large stained cells were detected in many branches of the digits after placing the dye on one of the cell masses located in right and left sides of the tentacular ganglion. They were detected in the cell masses and in many branches of the digits after placing the dye on a branch of the digits. Our results showed that the slug primary olfactory system has highly interconnected neural networks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1337-1346
Number of pages10
JournalZoological Science
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine
  • Mollusk
  • Olfactory processing
  • Tentacular ganglion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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