DNA hybridization efficiency on concave surface nano-structure in hemispherical janus nanocups

Hyonchol Kim, Hideyuki Terazono, Hiroyuki Takei, Kenji Yasuda*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


We examined the effect of a concave structure on DNA hybridization efficiency using an inner surface of hemispherical Janus nanocups in the range from 140 to 800 nm. Target DNA was specifically immobilized onto the inner cup surface, hybridized with complementary DNA-attached 20 nm Au probes, and the number of the hybridized probes was counted by scanning electron microscopy. The hybridization density of the attached Au probes on 800 nm nanocups was 255 μm-2, which was 0.57 times that on a flat surface, 449 μm -2, and increased to 394 μm-2 on a 140 nm cup, 0.88 times of a flat surface, as the cup size decreased. The local density of attached Au probes within the central 25% at the bottom of the 800 nm nanocups was 444 μm-2, which was closer to that on a flat surface, and the tendency was the same for all sizes of cups, indicating that the size dependency of DNA hybridization efficiency on the concave structures were mostly affected by the lower efficiency of side wall hybridization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1272-1280
Number of pages9
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb 11
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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