DNN-DP: Differential Privacy Enabled Deep Neural Network Learning Framework for Sensitive Crowdsourcing Data

Yufeng Wang*, Min Gu, Jianhua Ma, Qun Jin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Deep neural network (DNN) learning has witnessed significant applications in various fields, especially for prediction and classification. Frequently, the data used for training are provided by crowdsourcing workers, and the training process may violate their privacy. A qualified prediction model should protect the data privacy in training and classification/prediction phases. To address this issue, we develop a differential privacy (DP)-enabled DNN learning framework, DNN-DP, that intentionally injects noise to the affine transformation of the input data features and provides DP protection for the crowdsourced sensitive training data. Specifically, we correspondingly estimate the importance of each feature related to target categories and follow the principle that less noise is injected into the more important feature to ensure the data utility of the model. Moreover, we design an adaptive coefficient for the added noise to accommodate the heterogeneous feature value ranges. Theoretical analysis proves that DNN-DP preserves ${\varepsilon }$ -differentially private in the computation. Moreover, the simulation based on the US Census data set demonstrates the superiority of our method in predictive accuracy compared with other existing privacy-aware machine learning methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8909376
Pages (from-to)215-224
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb

Keywords

  • Adaptive noise
  • crowdsourcing data
  • deep neural network (DNN)
  • differential privacy (DP)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction

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