Do poverty and poor health and nutrition increase the risk of armed conflict onset?

Per Pinstrup-Andersen, Satoru Shimokawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyze the effects of improving the economic, food security and health status on the risk of armed cotntectflict onset, focusing on the factors related to the millennium development goals. We employ the discrete-time hazard model that allows us to examine the time-varying effects of socioeconomic factors controlling for the reverse effect of conflict. Our results show that income poverty and poor health and nutritional status are more significantly associated with armed conflict onset than GDP per capita, annual GDP growth, and the ratio of primary commodity exports over GDP. In particular, poor health and nutritional status seems to play a key role in inducing armed conflicts in poor countries. These results indicate that, when a majority of the poor and the malnourished resides in rural areas and depends on agriculture directly or indirectly, investments in public goods for agriculture and rural areas can be effective tools to achieve the multiple goals of reduced poverty, food security and armed conflict, including riots in early 2008 triggered by high food prices. Food policy can be an effective element of efforts to maintain stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-520
Number of pages8
JournalFood Policy
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec
Externally publishedYes

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health and nutrition
Poverty
poverty
health status
Health Status
nutrition
Food Supply
Gross Domestic Product
food
Agriculture
Nutritional Status
food security
rural areas
nutritional status
Health
Riots
health
agriculture
food policy
rural area

Keywords

  • Armed conflict
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Poverty
  • The millennium development goals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Do poverty and poor health and nutrition increase the risk of armed conflict onset? / Pinstrup-Andersen, Per; Shimokawa, Satoru.

In: Food Policy, Vol. 33, No. 6, 12.2008, p. 513-520.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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