Do sectoral and locational factors of Foreign Direct Investment from emerging countries matter for firm performance? The case of Korean firms' FDI in China's service sector

Seong Bong Lee, Masaaki Kotabe, Doohoi Heo, Byung Jin Kang, Albert H. Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This paper examines the statistical relationship between outbound Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and firm performance. We focus on how the link is influenced by sector-specific differences and geographical factors. Methodology: We compile a time-series cross-sectional dataset that includes financial variables and FDI activities of South Korean firms between 2005 and 2008 from the DART, a financial statement database. Then, we fit our data against the linear regression models that we designed to identify FDI-performance relationship in different subsamples. Our measurement of firm performance is specifically constructed to reflect excess returns in the stock market. Findings: We found compelling differences in the degree of FDI-performance relationships across different industries. In manufacturing sectors, the flow of direct investment is more heavily associated with firm performances than accumulated stock of direct investment, and vice versa in the service sector. The impact of China factors toward performance aspects of Korea's outbound FDI which also differs across sectors as well. Value: Although there have been extensive research efforts on this subject in general, our paper addresses an increasingly significant class of FDIs that have received relatively less attention, that is, direct investment originating from developing economies. Also, our analysis adds a sectoral dimension that contributes to more comprehensive understanding of a multinational-performance relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-411
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Finance Review
Volume17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • China market
  • Emerging market
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
  • Internationalization
  • Sectoral differences
  • South Korean firms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance

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