Doped high- Tc cuprate superconductors elucidated in the light of zeros and poles of the electronic Green's function

Shiro Sakai, Yukitoshi Motome, Masatoshi Imada

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77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study electronic structure of hole- and electron-doped Mott insulators in the two-dimensional Hubbard model to reach a unified picture for the normal state of cuprate high- Tc superconductors. By using a cluster extension of the dynamical mean-field theory, we demonstrate that structure of coexisting zeros and poles of the single-particle Green's function holds the key to understand Mott physics in the underdoped region. We show evidence for the emergence of non-Fermi-liquid phase caused by the topological quantum phase transition of Fermi surface by analyzing low-energy charge dynamics. The spectra calculated in a wide range of energy and momentum reproduce various anomalous properties observed in experiments for the high- Tc cuprates. Our results reveal that the pseudogap in hole-doped cuprates has a d -wavelike structure only below the Fermi level while it retains non- d -wave structure with a fully opened gap above the Fermi energy even in the nodal direction due to a zero surface extending over the entire Brillouin zone. In addition to the non- d -wave pseudogap, the present comprehensive identifications of the spectral asymmetry as to the Fermi energy, the Fermi arc, and the back-bending behavior of the dispersion, waterfall, and low-energy kink, in agreement with the experimental anomalies of the cuprates, do not support that these originate from (the precursors of) symmetry breakings such as the preformed pairing and the d -density-wave fluctuations, but support that they are direct consequences of the proximity to the Mott insulator. Several possible experiments are further proposed to prove or disprove our zero mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134505
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume82
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct 4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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