Draft genome sequencing and comparative analysis of aspergillus sojae NBRC4239

Atsushi Sato, Kenshiro Oshima, Hideki Noguchi, Masahiro Ogawa, Tadashi Takahashi, Tetsuya Oguma, Yasuji Koyama, Takehiko Itoh, Masahira Hattori, Yoshiki Hanya*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


We conducted genome sequencing of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus sojae NBRC4239 isolated from the koji used to prepare Japanese soy sauce. We used the 454 pyrosequencing technology and investigated the genome with respect to enzymes and secondary metabolites in comparison with other Aspergilli sequenced. Assembly of 454 reads generated a non-redundant sequence of 39.5-Mb possessing 13 033 putative genes and 65 scaffolds composed of 557 contigs. Of the 2847 open reading frames with Pfam domain scores of >150 found in A. sojae NBRC4239, 81.7 had a high degree of similarity with the genes of A. oryzae. Comparative analysis identified serine carboxypeptidase and aspartic protease genes unique to A. sojae NBRC4239. While A. oryzae possessed three copies of α-amyalse gene, A. sojae NBRC4239 possessed only a single copy. Comparison of 56 gene clusters for secondary metabolites between A. sojae NBRC4239 and A. oryzae revealed that 24 clusters were conserved, whereas 32 clusters differed between them that included a deletion of 18 508 bp containing mfs1, mao1, dmaT, and pks-nrps for the cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) biosynthesis, explaining the no productivity of CPA in A. sojae. The A. sojae NBRC4239 genome data will be useful to characterize functional features of the koji moulds used in Japanese industries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-176
Number of pages12
JournalDNA Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun
Externally publishedYes


  • Aspergillus oryzae
  • Aspergillus sojae
  • comparative genomics
  • genome sequencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology


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