Drift Time Measurement in the ATLAS Liquid Argon Electromagnetic Calorimeter using Cosmic Muons

The ATLAS Collaboration

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The ionization signals in the liquid argon of the ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeter are studied in detail using cosmic muons. In particular, the drift time of the ionization electrons is measured and used to assess the intrinsic uniformity of the calorimeter gaps and estimate its impact on the constant term of the energy resolution. The drift times of electrons in the cells of the second layer of the calorimeter are uniform at the level of 1.3% in the barrel and 2.8% in the endcaps. This leads to an estimated contribution to the constant term of (0.290.040.05)% in the barrel and (0.540.040.06)% in the endcaps. The same data are used to measure the drift velocity of ionization electrons in liquid argon, which is found to be 4.61±0.07 mm/μs at 88.5 K and 1 kV/mm.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)755-785
    Number of pages31
    JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
    Volume70
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec

    Fingerprint

    Time measurement
    Calorimeters
    Ionization
    calorimeters
    Argon
    muons
    time measurement
    argon
    electromagnetism
    ionization
    Electrons
    Liquids
    liquids
    estimates
    cells
    electrons
    energy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
    • Engineering (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    Drift Time Measurement in the ATLAS Liquid Argon Electromagnetic Calorimeter using Cosmic Muons. / The ATLAS Collaboration.

    In: European Physical Journal C, Vol. 70, No. 3, 12.2010, p. 755-785.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    abstract = "The ionization signals in the liquid argon of the ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeter are studied in detail using cosmic muons. In particular, the drift time of the ionization electrons is measured and used to assess the intrinsic uniformity of the calorimeter gaps and estimate its impact on the constant term of the energy resolution. The drift times of electrons in the cells of the second layer of the calorimeter are uniform at the level of 1.3{\%} in the barrel and 2.8{\%} in the endcaps. This leads to an estimated contribution to the constant term of (0.290.040.05){\%} in the barrel and (0.540.040.06){\%} in the endcaps. The same data are used to measure the drift velocity of ionization electrons in liquid argon, which is found to be 4.61±0.07 mm/μs at 88.5 K and 1 kV/mm.",
    author = "{The ATLAS Collaboration} and G. Aad and B. Abbott and J. Abdallah and Abdelalim, {A. A.} and A. Abdesselam and O. Abdinov and B. Abi and M. Abolins and H. Abramowicz and H. Abreu and Acharya, {B. S.} and Adams, {D. L.} and Addy, {T. N.} and J. Adelman and C. Adorisio and P. Adragna and T. Adye and S. Aefsky and Aguilar-Saavedra, {J. A.} and M. Aharrouche and Ahlen, {S. P.} and F. Ahles and A. Ahmad and H. Ahmed and M. Ahsan and G. Aielli and T. Akdogan and {\AA}kesson, {T. P A} and G. Akimoto and Akimov, {A. V.} and A. Aktas and Alam, {M. S.} and Alam, {M. A.} and J. Albert and S. Albrand and M. Aleksa and Aleksandrov, {I. N.} and F. Alessandria and C. Alexa and G. Alexander and G. Alexandre and T. Alexopoulos and M. Alhroob and M. Aliev and G. Alimonti and J. Alison and M. Aliyev and Allport, {P. P.} and Allwood-Spiers, {S. E.} and Kohei Yorita",
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    AU - The ATLAS Collaboration

    AU - Aad, G.

    AU - Abbott, B.

    AU - Abdallah, J.

    AU - Abdelalim, A. A.

    AU - Abdesselam, A.

    AU - Abdinov, O.

    AU - Abi, B.

    AU - Abolins, M.

    AU - Abramowicz, H.

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    AU - Acharya, B. S.

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    AU - Addy, T. N.

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    AU - Aefsky, S.

    AU - Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.

    AU - Aharrouche, M.

    AU - Ahlen, S. P.

    AU - Ahles, F.

    AU - Ahmad, A.

    AU - Ahmed, H.

    AU - Ahsan, M.

    AU - Aielli, G.

    AU - Akdogan, T.

    AU - Åkesson, T. P A

    AU - Akimoto, G.

    AU - Akimov, A. V.

    AU - Aktas, A.

    AU - Alam, M. S.

    AU - Alam, M. A.

    AU - Albert, J.

    AU - Albrand, S.

    AU - Aleksa, M.

    AU - Aleksandrov, I. N.

    AU - Alessandria, F.

    AU - Alexa, C.

    AU - Alexander, G.

    AU - Alexandre, G.

    AU - Alexopoulos, T.

    AU - Alhroob, M.

    AU - Aliev, M.

    AU - Alimonti, G.

    AU - Alison, J.

    AU - Aliyev, M.

    AU - Allport, P. P.

    AU - Allwood-Spiers, S. E.

    AU - Yorita, Kohei

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    N2 - The ionization signals in the liquid argon of the ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeter are studied in detail using cosmic muons. In particular, the drift time of the ionization electrons is measured and used to assess the intrinsic uniformity of the calorimeter gaps and estimate its impact on the constant term of the energy resolution. The drift times of electrons in the cells of the second layer of the calorimeter are uniform at the level of 1.3% in the barrel and 2.8% in the endcaps. This leads to an estimated contribution to the constant term of (0.290.040.05)% in the barrel and (0.540.040.06)% in the endcaps. The same data are used to measure the drift velocity of ionization electrons in liquid argon, which is found to be 4.61±0.07 mm/μs at 88.5 K and 1 kV/mm.

    AB - The ionization signals in the liquid argon of the ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeter are studied in detail using cosmic muons. In particular, the drift time of the ionization electrons is measured and used to assess the intrinsic uniformity of the calorimeter gaps and estimate its impact on the constant term of the energy resolution. The drift times of electrons in the cells of the second layer of the calorimeter are uniform at the level of 1.3% in the barrel and 2.8% in the endcaps. This leads to an estimated contribution to the constant term of (0.290.040.05)% in the barrel and (0.540.040.06)% in the endcaps. The same data are used to measure the drift velocity of ionization electrons in liquid argon, which is found to be 4.61±0.07 mm/μs at 88.5 K and 1 kV/mm.

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