Despite the rapid development of pedestrian detection, the problem of dense pedestrian detection is still unsolved, especially the upper limit of Recall caused by Non-Maximum-Suppression (NMS). Out of this reason, R2NMS  is proposed to simultaneously detect full and visible body bounding boxes, by replacing the full body BBoxes with less occluded visible body BBoxes in the NMS algorithm, achieving a higher recall. However, the P-RPN and P-RCNN modules proposed in R2NMS for simultaneous high quality full and visible body prediction require non-trivial positive/negative assigning strategies for anchor BBoxes. To simplify the prerequisites and improve the utility of R2NMS, we incorporate clustering analysis into the learning of visible body proposals from full body proposals. Furthermore, to reduce the computation complexity caused by the large number of potential visible body proposals, we introduce a novel occlusion pattern prediction branch on top of the R-CNN module (i.e. F-RCNN) to select the best matched visible proposals for each full body proposals and then feed them into another R-CNN module (i.e. V-RCNN). Incorporated with R2NMS, our DualBox model can achieve competitive performance while only requires few hyper-parameters. We validate the effectiveness of the proposed approach on the CrowdHuman  and CityPersons  datasets. Experimental results show that our approach achieves promising performance for detecting both non-occluded and occluded pedestrians, especially heavily occluded ones.